The Uganda Opposition is not happy with the IMF on continuously lending lots of money to their country without any financial care:



Written by the observer, Uganda


Member of Parliament, Mathias Mpuuga engages IMF's Izabela Karpowicz at parliament


The Leader of the opposition in Parliament (LoP) Mathias Mpuuga has held discussions with the country representative of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Izabela Karpowicz, and the donor agency’s chief of mission, Amine Mati.

The meeting, held under the auspices of the Parliamentary Forum on the IMF and the World Bank was intended to brief the opposition leadership on government programs supported by the two lending institutions.

Addressing the meeting via Zoom from Washington DC, Mati took time to explain the $1 billion loan facility for Uganda which was approved by the IMF executive board in June under the Extended Credit Facility (ECF) arrangement to support the post-COVID-19 recovery and the authorities’ plan to increase households’ incomes and inclusive growth by fostering private sector development.

Mati said that Uganda was picked for the three-year financing package upon realization that its economy had been hit hard by the COVID-19 crisis which reversed decade-long gains in poverty reduction, a deterioration of the fiscal balances plus causing pressures on external buffers.

Mpuuga told the IMF team that questions about the loan have remained in the public domain since the government remained cagey on the intent of the loan, and also questioned the manner of how the IMF approved the loan without first seeking parliamentary approval.

“We are surprised that seeking parliamentary approval for the loan wasn’t critical for the IMF,” Mpuuga said, adding that, “Some of these conditions that are subject to the laws of the land should be respected because oversight begins with respect of the laid down procedure.”

Mati however said that since the IMF deals directly with the government and the Central Bank, the donors took it that there was conformity with the laws by the time applied for the loan.

Budadiri West MP, Nathan Nandala Mafabi who is also a board member of the Parliamentary Forum on the IMF and the World Bank tasked the IMF team to explain whether they took into consideration Uganda’s absorption capacity following the Auditor General’s report that indicated that many loans have not been utilized.

In March this year, the Auditor General reported that 12 loans valued at Shs 1.3 trillion expired before disbursement to respective ministries and government entities which undermines the attainment of planned development targets and renders commitment charges paid in respect of the undisbursed funds meaningless.

Other MPs notably, Ibrahim Ssemujju Nganda (Kira Municipality), Betty Nambooze (Mukono Municipality) and Abed Bwanika (Kimanya–Kabonera) raised questions on how the IMF came up with the figure for the loan and as to whether it cared about Uganda’s high public debt.


MPs Ssemujju Nganda (R) and Nandala Mafabi

Karpowicz told the meeting that while Uganda’s public debt is high, it does not cause so much concern since its GDP is better than that of many other countries.

“This is why domestic revenue is a key component of the program [ECF],” she said.

The meeting agreed to further engage the legislators to have a better understanding of how the loan facility was structured and to identify the major gaps in it.


Since it is the people of this country that is going to pay for all these debts, the people should be shown the timetable of payment for all these expensive international loans as clearly defined and understood by the President of Uganda, the Minister of Finance, and the lenders themselves.

This is to request the Uganda national medium to pass on this very important classified information to the public as soon as possible before this determined European lady releases her funds!

There is a number of international terrorists who continue to insist that the USA supports dictatorship all over the world.


Watch the ITV channel in the UK on program; Bin Laden, the road to 9/11.

14 and 15 September, 2021

This sort of American chaos all over the world continues unabated to this day.






In Uganda, the Members of Parliament are trying to raise some issues over the poor juice production in this modern Soroti Fruit Factory:

The legislators  will not press the Treasury to release more funds to the factory until the billions of shillings invested are accounted for in the Northern Province:


1st September, 2021

By Simon Peter Emwamu


Members of the Parliamentary Committee on Tourism, Trade, and Industry tour the Soroti fruit factory on Friday, 27 August, 2021. PHOTOS/SIMON PETER EMWAMU

Mr Mwine Mpaka, the chairperson of the Parliamentary Committee on Tourism, Trade and Industry, who led a delegation of MPs on a fact-finding tour on Friday,  said they were told that the plant produce juice from imported concentrates, which is against the concept on which it was constructed.

“We want to find out why there are still a lot of cries from citrus farmers with the plant almost entering its fourth year since it was operationalised,”  Mr Bakaa said.

He said the factory is making small sales of Shs2.9m a day,  which translates to about Shs87m a month.
Mr Mpaka said although they have a request for additional funding for the factory, they will not press the Treasury to release the money until the billions of shillings invested into the plant have been accounted for .

The Jinja North MP,  Mr David Isabirye, said there is no activity at the factory.
“We have not seen any evidence of crushed fruits, this is amid cries that the plant imports concentrates,” he said.
Mr Isabirye called for a cap on the request for more funds until the factory  management puts issues right.

Many farmers in Teso still look at Kenya, Tanzania and sometimes Rwanda as potential market, but always through middlemen. 


Government, through the Uganda Development Corporation (UDC) owns 80 per cent shares, while the 20 per cent are owned by the Teso Tropical Fruits Cooperative Union (TTFCU).

Ms Susan Amero, the Amuru Woman MP, said the plant was constructed to provide market for farmer fruits and employ people from Teso but, they don’t see people from the sub-region steering the factory.

“You have talked about staff, but where are our own? Are they the ones doing casual work? We need to know,” Ms Amero said.

Mr Patrick B Birungi, the executive director for Uganda Development Corporation, which supervises the factory, however, said the plant does not use imported concentrates.

“You can crosscheck with Uganda Revenue Authority to find out whether they have ever cleared any concentrates destined for Soroti fruit factory,” he said.

Mr Birungi said he is ready to invite the committee back to the factory to witness the production season.
He said the current production is from orange concentrates manufactured at the plant.

Mr Birungi said the plant’s capacity to consume fruits has been low because of the old line that could only take about 5 per cent of the total citrus.

“We are now installing new lines for mango and oranges with bigger capacities,”  she said.

Mr Douglas Ndawula, factory’s chief executive officer, appealed to Parliament to pass legislation that will block importation of cheap concentrates by other beverage companies.

He said this will enable the factory become the only supplier of concentrates to other factories.
Mr Ndawula said their products have penetrated the market, adding that their prayer is that Parliament honours request for more funds to have dumping site, and upgrade the water system which hinders performance.


Mr Douglas Ndawula, the chief executive officer of Soroti Fruits Factory, in February said since the plant started commercial production on October 15, 2019, a total of 109 farmer groups and cooperatives have benefited from supplying their products to the factory.

Mr Ndawula says more than 100 registered farmer groups are waiting to supply their products to the factory as they upgrade the plant’s production capacities for both orange and mango fruits. “Previously, we used to process six metric tonnes of fruits per hour but we have locally improved the capacity to between 60 and 62 metric tonnes per day,” he explains. He addes that the mango line which has been processing only two metric tonnes, has also been modified to process five metric tonnes per day. “We are looking at having 80 metric tonne-production each day for both orange and mango lines,” Mr Ndawula says.






In Uganda, the city of Kampala has managed to obtain a loan of shs7.7billion from Korea for waste management:

The overall objective of the project is to enhance solid waste and faecal sludge management in greater Kampala while increasing access to sustainable services and creating green jobs through the waste-to-resource approach.


8 June, 2021

By Gabriel Buule

At work. Homeklin company collects garbage dumped by the roadside in Rubaga Division last year. PHOTO BY SHABIBAH NAKIRIGYA

The Government of the Republic of Korea, through the Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA), has allocated $2.2m (About Shs7.7b) towards strengthening the capacity for solid waste and faecal sludge management in the Kampala Metropolitan Area.

The grant will support Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) and its partners, including Ministry of Water and Environment, National Water and Sewerage Cooperation, as well as Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA) and other urban municipalities, to develop an inclusive and sustainable solid waste and faecal sludge management strategy and differentiated implementation plans for the city and surrounding municipalities. 

The overall objective of the project is to enhance solid waste and faecal sludge management in greater Kampala while increasing access to sustainable services and creating green jobs through the waste-to-resource approach.

The KOICA country director, Mr Taeyoung Kim, said the project, which will run from 2021 to 2023, in the first of two phases will focus on development of strategies, implementation plans and technical designs for proposed interventions in selected areas.

The second phase will then focus on actual implementation of the proposed solutions that can serve as a model and be replicated in other parts of the country.

“In line with the Government of Uganda’s strategy to mobilise increased financing and support towards sustainable and inclusive socio-economic development of greater Kampala, this project will focus on strengthening solid waste management and faecal sludge management capacity based on inclusive and decentralised solutions that will enhance sustainability and job creation,” Mr Kim said.

Once completed, the project is expected to benefit at least 100,000 households directly from the waste collection and treatment facilities that will be established.

During the second phase most of the population in Kampala Metropolitan Area will benefit indirectly from reduced contamination of water, land and wetland resources.

KOICA is the official development aid implementing agency of the government of the Republic of Korea.

The Kampala Metropolitan Area with a population of approximately four million people spread over 970 square km, is home to about 10 per cent of the national population and contributes almost 31.4 per cent of the overall national Gross Domestic Product ( GDP) and 65 per cent of non-agricultural GDP.

This entire population is served by only one licensed solid waste disposal and treatment facility in Kiteezi, Wakiso District, which is operating beyond capacity.

According to the draft National Urban Solid Waste Management Policy, the rate of solid waste generation in Greater Kampala in 2015 was 3,206 tonnes per day and is expected to increase to 4,739 tonnes per day by 2030.

 It is estimated that only 45 per cent of the total waste generated in greater Kampala is being collected and managed properly by KCCA and its partners.

According to the Kampala Sanitation Master Plan (2040), only seven per cent of the population is covered by sewerage systems in Kampala and only five per cent in Entebbe.

The remaining population relies on on-site sanitation, mostly traditional pit-latrines and improved latrines, as well as septic tanks, especially in the middle to high income population.

The on-site sanitation facilities are generally not properly maintained and emptied, especially in the low-income informal areas because of high costs and difficulties in accessing cesspool trucks.






Pulezidenti wa Uganda ayimirizza omusolo gw’amayumba:

By Musasi wa Bukedde


Added 8th December 2019



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Joseph Kasasira omu ku bassentebe abeetabye mu musomo ogwategekeddwa KCCA ku musolo gw’amayumba ng’annyonnyola bye bayitamu.


PULEZIDENTI Museveni ayimirizza omusolo gw’amayumba ogumaze ebbanga nga gwogeza abantu naddala bannannyini mayumba ebisongovu. Ekiragiro ekiwera omusolo guno yakiyisizza mu bbaluwa gye yawandiikidde minisita wa gavumenti ez’ebitundu, Tom Butime ng’amulagira okuguyimiriza.


Ebbaluwa yagiwandiise nga November 28, 2019. Mu bbaluwa, Pulezidenti yategeezezza nti azze afuna amawulire nti disitulikiti zibadde zisolooza omusolo gw’ebizimbe bino mu bubuga obutali bumu gwa bitundu 8 ku buli 100 n’agamba nti kino kirina okukoma mbagirawo kuba abantu abalina ebizimbe ebipangisibwa bakyali batono ddala era basaana okuweebwa omukisa okulekebwa bakulaakulanye bizinensi zaabwe awatali kutaataganyizibwa.

Yagambye nti balina okulinda waakiri ekitundu ekyo ne kikulaakulana okutuuka ku mutindo gwa Town Council oba Munisipaali olwo eby’omusolo guno biryoke birowoozebweko.


Yalabudde ne minisitule ya gavumenti ezeebitundu okukendeeza ku kupapirira okutondawo Town councils ne Munisipalite ennyingi nti zijja kuba nzibu okuziyimirizaawo.

Yawabudde nti ensimbi entono eziriwo kazikozesebwe ku bintu ebikwata ku bantu obutereevu omuli enguudo, amasannyalaze, amasomero n’amalwaliro. Yalabudde ababadde basolooza omusolo guno okukikomya mbagirawo okwewala okukaluubiriza Bannayuganda abali mu lutalo lw’okweggya mu bwavu ate okubazza mu misolo egitaliimu.

Ebbaluwa yagiweerezzaako omumyuka wa Pulezidenti, Sipiika wa Palamenti, Ssaabaminisita, baminisita, ababaka ba palamenti ne bassentebe ba disitulikiti. Ekiragiro kya Pulezidenti okuyimiriza omusolo we kijjidde ng’abantu bangi beemulugunya ku musolo guno olw’obutagutegeera n’okubanyigiriza.

Abaasembyeyo baabadde batuuze ba mu muluka gw’e Kansanga mu Munisipaali y’e Makindye wano mu Kampala.

Baavudde mu mbeera ne batabukira bakkansala baabwe ababakiikirira mu KCCA okwabadde Stephen Mugagga owa Kansanga B ne Diriisa Tebandeke owa Kansanga A nga balumiriza okwetumiikiriza okuyisa ennongoosereza mu tteeka erikwata ku musolo gw’amayumba nga tebabeebuuzizzaako.

Baabadde mu musomo ogwakoleddwa ekitongole kya KCCA okubasomesa ku musolo gw’aymaumba gwe baludde nga beemulugunyaako nti gubanyigiriza.

Abatuuze bagamba nti KCCA yabagerekera omusolo menene ogw’ebitundu 6 ku buli 100 nga bagamba abakulembeze baabwe be baasindika mu KCCA baali bateekwa okusooka okuddayo okubeebuuzaako.


Wano wetuweera abaziimbi bebizimbe amagezi bo baveyo bakole cooperatives ezizimbira abatuuze enyumba bo abatuuze basasule kibanja mpola. Ate nga governmenti bwemaze okukiriza nti yo tesobola kuddukanya byansula yabantu, egyewo nomusolo omunene gweteeka kubintu ebikozesebwa okuzimba amayumba okumala emyaka 10. Oluvanyuma nga ensi eno emaze okufuna ebizimbe ebyomulembe ebisamu saamu, eryoke okomyewo omusolo ogulemesa omuntu wabulijjo okuzimba enyumba eyomulembe eyokusulamu awamu nabantu be.


Kakati obanga omusolo gwebizimbe guvudewo nate kakati ensimbi zinavawa ezokuzimba enyumba ezomulembe. Ensi nyingi zizimba ebizimbe byomulembe okusuzaamu abakozi naddala mubibuga. Ate governmenti neziyamba abazimbi aba Private abalaga nga betaba mukuzimbira abatuuze enyumba oba ebizimbe ebirungi okubeera mu eri obulamu bwabwe. Wano estate ye Naguru kirabika kyeyava eremagana kubanga omutindo gwenyumba abakozi ba Uganda zebasulamu tegweyagaza nakamu. Era singa omusolo gwenyumba gutandise okusolozebwa, ensimbi ezo zibadde zijja kubuzibwawo. Abaguwa balemererwe nokugufunamu okwongera okulongoosa ebizimbe byabwe byebatawana nabyo okubirabirira. Ensula yomukozi we ggwanga embi, ekosa nyo ebyenfuna byensi.



Ugandans are unaware of mortgages, says a real estate developer:

By Benon Ojiambo


Added 8th December 2019


“There are people paying a million or close to a million shillings in monthly rent yet they will never own those houses. They don’t know that some of the mortgage financing options in the banks provide for the same amounts and they would own those houses,”


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Sam Bitangaro (secondleft) Member of Parliament and Emmanuel Sserunjoji (second right), Mayor of Kawempe division cut a tape during the launch of Kisasi Heights Apartments at Kisasi Kawempe division. (Photos by Ronnie Kijjambu)


Many Ugandans are ignorant about the available mortgage financing solutions in commercial lending institutions, an official of a real estate developer has said.

Fiona Mbabazi, the general manager of Mint Homes said they continue to pay rent for housing facilities they will never own under the arrangement.

“There are people paying a million or close to a million shillings in monthly rent yet they will never own those houses. They don’t know that some of the mortgage financing options in the banks provide for the same amounts and they would own those houses,” she said.

She made the revelation during a groundbreaking for construction of two and three-bedroomed housing units in Kanisa zone, Kikaya parish, Kawempe division in Kampala last week,

She said more Ugandans are buying homes for residential and investment purposes under mortgage financing arrangement

She said real estate developers face challenges of low-income earnings among the prospective home buyers and price instability in building materials that ‘disorganises’ their plans.

“When the prices of construction materials increase, it means we will not sell the house at the same price as advertised before since the building cost would have increased,” Mbabazi said.


  The site of Mint Home where Kisasi Heights apartments are going to be constructed at Kisasi Kawempe division



If more people could earn ‘reasonable’ salaries, we could have more Ugandans owning homes.

She said one would be considered a reasonable salary earner if they took home at least sh2.5m monthly. She said few Ugandans earn this much.

According to the Uganda Bureau of Statistics, Uganda has a deficit of 2.1 million housing units, growing at a rate of 200 000 units a year.

By 2030, the deficit is expected to reach three million units on account of the rapid urbanisation rate and a high population growth rate of 3.2 percent per annum.

According to the 2018 Revision of World Urbanization Prospects produced by the Population Division of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, the world’s population living in urban areas is projected to rise to 68% by 2050 from 55% in 2018.

This will be on account of urbanization, gradual shift in residence of the human population from rural to urban areas and the overall growth of the world’s population.

This could add another 2.5 billion people to urban areas by 2050, with close to 90% of this increase taking place in Asia and Africa, according to a new United Nations data.

“The question we are asking ourselves is whether the urban centers are ready to receive that population,” Emmanuel Sserunjogi, the Kawempe division mayor said.

He hailed the company for making the investment and contributing to having a better city.

“We are fighting to make a good and liveable city for all, regardless of housing arrangement one has; whether if rental or owned,” he said.

Mbabazi said that they are considering locations out of the city that are still good enough for the company’s prospects; where land is not so expensive and can be suitable to build houses and lower-income earners.

“First of all, the price of land affects the price of houses. Finding places where land is not expensive means we shall have low-cost houses that can be affordable for the majority,” Mbabazi said.

“It has to be a location that has the same benefits that can be enjoyed like a person who is here (in Kampala). Such benefits include easy access to the road and availability of basic services like health and education.







This is a foreign cache of dollar currency in Iraq that has been detained in the customs of this country. It was destined to some European countries by 3 officials in a private jet plane:


This money is equivalent to 10 Arab countries' fiscal monetary budget and  Muslim countries are not at all poor:



By World Media


12 September, 2019



This money is equivalent to 10 Middle Eastern countries' fiscal budget and  Muslim countries are not at all poor:






For the poor African country of Uganda, 67% of the country's revenue is used to repay debts:

This is an African country in this era that has received HIPC several times but continuosly finds itself back into international debts: 

What is HIPC:


 From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia



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The states recognized as the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC).
  Countries qualifying for full HIPC relief.
  Countries qualifying for partial HIPC relief.
  Countries eligible for HIPC relief but not yet meeting the necessary conditions.

The heavily indebted poor countries (HIPC) are a group of 37 developing countries with high levels of poverty and debt overhang which are eligible for special assistance from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank.




The dilapidated public transport introduced by the colonial railway company, stopped working some 30 years ago. This country's economy has failed to recover this modern essential system into a modern mass transportation for cargo and passengers.

Makerere University’s Professor Augustus Nuwagaba. Mr Nuwagaba says the level of solvency matters when determining whether a country is in a debt crisis. PHOTO BY STEPHEN OTAGE


This economist believes that such an economic programme is sustainable:

27 January, 2019

Professor Augustus Nuwagaba, what is debt?
Debt means the inability for someone to raise revenue that can cover one’s expenditure and requires you to borrow to meet the gap between what you have been able to raise and what you plan to spend. For Uganda, our revenue usually falls short of expenditure. So the country has to borrow to meet the gap between what have you have as revenue and what you need as expenditure. If our revenue was equal to expenditure, there wouldn’t be any need for borrowing. We would be operating at break-even point. But there is no country in the world which can operate at breakeven point. Many always have very high levels of expenditure with relatively low levels of revenue and need to borrow.

Why do countries contract debt?
Uganda has to contract debt because of her fiscal deficit. You find that in every financial year, what the country spends is much more than what government can raise in terms of local revenue. This is because we have many infrastructure deficit needs such as poor road networks, very low levels of electricity generation, very low levels of irrigation and storage facilities. These require sufficient resources to establish. So you have to borrow.

Uganda’s rising public debt is pegged on government’s heavy investment infrastructure. How viable are these projects to the economy?
Uganda government borrows to fill the gaps in the country’s infrastructure needs. Karuma dam, for instance, costs $1.7 billion, Isimba $600 million, the oil pipeline, and the Standard Gauge Railway. All these loans are for infrastructure projects. There is nothing you can do when you don’t have enough resources to fund these projects apart from borrowing. The assumption by the Finance Ministry is that these infrastructure projects will have a huge multiplier effect in the economy and create returns in the medium and long term. These projects – roads, railways, energy (rural electrification) storage facilities – are going to stimulate several economic activities and aggregate demand. What should be the focus is generating sufficient leverages so that we can have the capacity to pay these loans in a short time and remain solvent and safe to attract more investments in the economy.

Some people have argued that Uganda is in a debt crisis. How true is this?
This is partly not true. The reason being Uganda’s debt to GDP is still below threshold of 50 per cent at 41 per cent; so you can argue Uganda is not in debt crisis because debt ratio to the GDP is still below threshold. This is still low according to the international surveillance that has been done by the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Fitch and SP (Standard &Poor) where Uganda’s threshold is below 50 per cent and our total Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is $28.2 billion. So the debt is $10.2 billion.
The problem is you don’t need to consider just proportion of the debt ratio to the GDP. You have to consider the level of solvency; meaning that do you still have the capacity to pay back the loans you have borrowed? 
In Uganda, 67 per cent of our revenue is spent on debt repayment and the major assumption by the ministry of Finance is that a lot of these loans can be paid quickly in the short term by these projects because they will generate revenue due to increased production in the economy in the medium and long term. 
Most countries in the world have very high debt ratio to the GDP; for example, USA has debt ratio to the GDP of 113 per cent higher than its total GDP of $118 trillion. Germany has a debt ratio to GDP of 96 per cent, Turkey 86 per cent to the GDP. However, what matters is the level of solvency. What is the difference? Despite US’ debt to GDP of 113 per cent, it is the best economy in the world because it can pay its debt which it uses in highly productive sectors such technology. Germany is the best economy in Europe and fourth best economy in the world. It also uses debt for very high-tech production.
What matters most is whether a country has the capacity to pay the debts while remaining solvent without being downgraded as credit unworthy.

What is the social economic impact of large public debt to local citizens?
Poor management of debt can have a very negative impact on the economy. Domestic debt means the government continues borrowing heavily from the domestic market by selling government securities, that is, treasury bills and treasury bonds through the central bank to the primary dealers which are commercial banks. By doing this, government would be crowding out” the private sector.

Heavy domestic borrowing pushes up interest rates since government is competing for the same money with private sector. When interest rates go up, the cost of money will be very expensive to borrowers and this affects investment levels in the country.
Secondly, once the government continues borrowing, there will be limited money for public service delivery, which is a problem.
The bonus about debt is it fills in fiscal deficit gaps so that heavy infrastructure projects can be developed. These infrastructure projects are good for the country’s economic development because industries would be running and producing goods thanks to the availability of electricity.

Does the debt ratio to GDP matter?
Yes. It matters because it shows the ratio of solvency and the capacity to manage the repayment of the debt that you have borrowed. But this is not enough. The most important thing is the capacity to repay the loan that you have borrowed as a country. The problem comes when you cannot pay back what you have borrowed.
Recently, Italy because of its fiscal metric, failed to manage its debt (paying of pension) and the previous problem of the debt crisis in Europe in the Pigs countries that is Spain Greece, Portugal, all failed to pay back the debt and they needed a bailout. All this is happened due to their failure to manage their fiscal expenditures. So when it comes to debt management, it depends on the fiscal metric of the government. 
This requires debt to be well-managed and used in areas which have the highest multiplier effects in the economy and this is how Germany and the USA have managed their debt. You don’t borrow to start some kind of infrastructure projects; you borrow to complete the projects.

Government borrowing is characterised by a mix of concessional and non-concessional loans, which one is better for Uganda?
True. Sixty eight per cent of our loans are concessional loans which is long term and it is good for us because they can be paid for a long period of time, say 30 years. Interest rates are very low usually 1.5 per cent. The six-year grace period gives you leverage to repay the loan. These loans are multilateral in nature since they are borrowed from multilateral institutions such as the World Bank, IMF, European Union Africa Development Bank.
Then the other are non-concessional loans constituting 32 per cent of Uganda’s current debt. These loans are not very good for us because they are purely commercial loans. They attract high interest rates, they are short term loans and with a short grace period. They are bilateral in nature from China Exim Bank, JICA (Japan).
The problem with this kind of loan in Uganda is the Bujagali dam. This loan for Bujagali dam was non concessional and it attracted very high interest rate and therefore the cost of electricity in this country is still very high.

Government borrowing is a closely related to its fiscal policy. Are all Uganda’s fiscal policies right?
What matters is the fiscal metric; what is government spending on using debt? The flagship of our budget has been infrastructure development. To me, this is positive because we have had very serious infrastructure gaps. However, the infrastructures gap have reasonably been filled. We are going to have increased electricity generation and we are going to have good road networks. I think we need to have skills development through human capital development and developing agriculture. This is where our fiscal policy should now focus most.

What have other countries done to deal with the debt that they have accumulated?
Countries have invested their debt in highly economic sectors, that is, areas that have higher multiplier effects in the economy. For example, South Korea contracted the highest debt between the years; 1954 to 1980. But debt was used for industries and in production. 
The impact? All these debts have all been repaid. They contracted the highest interest debts and managed to repay them. They used these debts to transform their economy into one of the most industrialised nations. Today, South Korea is one of the major donors to Uganda. 
Germany’s debt is not consumptive. They use debt to increase production in the economy.
So, Uganda must ensure that debt contracted is for sectors with high multiplier effects in the economy for us to develop.
Two, the debt must be repaid, because there is no free money.