December 14, 2016


Health experts from across Africa have expressed dismay at the failure by Uganda’s government to stem the tide of skilled health workers leaving the country for greener pastures.

They voiced their disappointment during the third Congress of the African Health System Governance network (ASHGOVNET) in Kampala last week. The congress was held under the theme,“Fostering capacity for health governance and leadership with a focus upon health work development.”

The health experts argue that if the current hemorrhage of the country’s workforce continues unchecked, it will be extremely difficult for Uganda to fulfill its commitment to regional and global Human Resources protocols such as the World Health Organisation (WHO) Workforce 2030 Global Strategy on Human Resources for Health to which Uganda subscribes.

A normal medical surgical theatre on the continent of Africa.

“It is disappointing that officials at Uganda’s ministry of Health (MOH) evaded all our efforts to discuss the extent of the problem of medical brain drain in this country and the possible measures to bring it under control,” said Dr Patrick Kadama, the executive director of the African Platform on Human Resources for Health (APHRH), an NGO committed to the fight against brain drain on the African continent.

Uganda subscribes to the road map for scaling up human resources for health for improved health service delivery in the African region 2012-2025, which was adopted by African health ministers three years ago in Angola. But experts say the evident apathy towards brain drain means health improvement targets are unlikely to be met.

“No one seems to care when health workers exit this country. When you express worry about the problem to MOH officials, they tell you there is a capacity to replace those who have migrated, when it is actually not true,” said the president of the Uganda National Academy of Sciences, Dr Nelson Sewankambo.

A Self-Styled African Spritual leader from the Tribal State of Acholi, Uganda, is a fake:


Mr Severino Lukoya walks out of Gulu Central Police Station last year after briefly being detained following the death of a child at his temple.

Posted 5 February, 2017



From casting himself as the untouchable almighty god (Lubanga Won) in late 1980s, it now required the intervention of an earthly police force in Agago District to save the father of late Holy Spirit Movement leader Alice Auma Lakwena from an angry mob.

The mob accused Mr Severino Lukoya Kibero, a self-proclaimed prophet, of preaching what they termed as false prophesies in their area and wanted to lynch him.

Mr Lukoya had travelled with his team of ministers to Kalongo Town Council to conduct door-to-door prayers, claiming that God had sent him to cleanse the area. Mr Lukoya is the leader of the New Jerusalem Tabernacle Church in Gulu Municipality where he preaches a mixture of Acholi traditional religion, Christianity and Islam.

It’s reported that before Mr Lukoya could embark on ‘redeeming’ prayer sessions, hundreds of angry residents confronted him and he was only rescued by the police who whisked him away to safety in neighbouring Pader District, several miles away.

Mr Albert Onyango, the Agago District police commander said: “Residents hate him because of the past rebellion his daughter led. They also believe Lukoya is a cult leader whose presence brings bad omen.”

Mr Onyango said Mr Lukoya’s activities in Agago District were in violation of a district council resolution that barred setting up of any prayer shrines.

“I think it is time Lukoya realised that he is not wanted in the district. This is the fourth time in less than two years that people are attempting to kill him,” Mr Onyango said.

Earlier last week, Mr Lukoya had told Sunday Monitor in an interview that God had called him out to walk on foot and do a door-to-door preaching until he covers the entire country.

“God wants peace to prevail in Uganda. He wants everyone to accept His word,” Lukoya said.

This is not the first time Lukoya’s activities are being stopped by residents and district leaders in Acholi sub-region for fear that his preaching could brainwash young people into another rebellion.

After the defeat of Lakwena, Mr Lukoya launched another Holy Spirit Movement in Acholiland. But unlike Lakwena, Mr Lukoya didn’t attract the same big following as his daughter. He surrendered to the government in 1989, but has continued to re re-emerge from time to time.

In August 2011, Mr Lukoya and his followers survived death when residents hurled stones at them injuring him and his followers in Mucwini Kitgum District. In March 2015, police in Gulu District arrested Mr Lukoya over an illegal assembly after he and his church members stormed Gulu Town and disrupted traffic and businesses.

In August 2014, authorities in Kitgum District demolished Lukoya’s temple after complaints that a paralysed man had died while being prayed for there.

In 2008, Mr Lukoya was arrested on accusation that he wanted to revive his daughter’s Holy Spirit Movement rebel outfit. But the High Court acquitted him and awarded him Shs13 million in damages for malicious arrest.



kyuka eyakole

ddwa mu ntambula ya bbaasi ereese obwezi

goolo mu basaabaze

By Eria Luyimbazi

Added 13th December 2016

Abamu ku basaabaze nga balwanira bbaasi

EKIRAGIRO ky’okusengula bbaasi ezimu okuva mu paaka ya Qualicel ey’omugagga Drake Lubega ereetedde abasaabaze abamu okubuzibwabuzibwa ne babulako entambula okugenda gye balaga.

 Kino kyadiridde  akakiiko akavunanyizibwa ku by’entambula

 n’okuwa bbaasi layisinsi Transport Licensing Board (TLB)  okuyisa ekiragiro egiggya bbaasi ezikwata mu bugwanjuba

 n’obukikakono mu paaka ya Qualicell  ne balekamu ezidda mu buvanjuba.

Embeera eno ereetedde paaka ya Qualicell okusigalamu kampuni za bbaasi nnya zokka okuli YY Coaches, Gateway, Kampala Hopper, Teso Coach  ne Kakise  okuba nga zezitikiramu

 abasaabaze ng’endala zalagiddwa okugenda mu paaka ya Namayiba ne Kisenyi Bus Terminal.

Nathan Ssemujju  akolera mu kkampuni ya YY agambye nti ekiragiro kino kikosezza nnyo abali mu mulimu gw’okusaabaza abantu mu mu kiseera kino bangi bakonkomalidde mu paaka tebalina mmotoka zibatwala kuba ezisinga zigyiddwa mu paaka.

“ Ekiragiro ekyayisiddwa  nga kiggya bbaasi ezemu mu paaka ya Qualicell kitumenya kuba kati paaka nkalu nga temuli mmotoka zitwala basaabaze era eziriwo bali mu kuzirwanira tusaba abaakiyisizza bakikyuseemu” Ssemujju bwe bwategeezezza.

Agambye nti mu paaka ya Qualicell musigaddemu baasi 32 zokka songa luli mubaddemu ezisoba mu 150 nga abasAabaze bali mu kutataganyizibwa

  ekisusse nga kyetagisa okukomyawo baasi ezimu.

All blame in the mess in Somalia must not be put on the foot steps of  al-Shabaab Islamists of Somalia alone:



9th November, 2019


By Ivan Eland









IVAN ELAND is Senior Fellow at the Independent Institute and Director of the Institute’s Center on Peace & Liberty.



The media often report overseas developments, but don’t always explore their underlying causes, which, in many cases, conveniently lets the U.S. government off the hook. The recent internecine violence in Somalia provides a classic example.

The U.S. media have focused to date almost exclusively on the rising Islamist movement in Somalia and U.S. “covert” assistance to the Ethiopian invasion that supported Somalia’s transitional government against the stronger Islamists. The media should be focusing on one of the major causes of the Somali mess: U.S. government meddling.

After 9/11, the Bush administration feared that the absence of a strong government in the “failed state” of Somalia could turn the small east–African country—slightly smaller than Texas—into a haven for terrorists. The administration ignored the fact that other states with weak governments have not become sanctuaries for terrorists. Even if Somalia had become a terrorist enclave, the terrorists, absent some U.S. provocation, probably would not have attacked the faraway United States.

As a result of the administration’s unfounded fear, the United States began supporting unpopular warlords in the strife-torn nation. That’s when the real trouble began.

The radical Islamists in Somalia never had much following until the Somali people became aware that an outside power was supporting the corrupt and thuggish military chieftains. The popularity of the Islamist movement then surged, allowing the Islamists to take over much of the country. In sum, where no problem with radical Islamists previously existed, the U.S. government helped create one.

In many respects, the Somali episode is a replay of other horribly counterproductive past U.S. interventions. In the 1980s, for example, the U.S. government supported the radical Islamist Mujahadeen—then fighting the non–Muslim Soviet occupiers in Muslim Afghanistan—that metamorphosed into al Qaeda, which is now attacking the United States for its non–Muslim military presence in the Persian Gulf.

History followed a similar pattern in Iraq. The Bush administration justified the U.S. invasion of Iraq in part by al Qaeda’s alleged link to Saddam Hussein—a thug, to be sure, but one who had been wise enough, in reality, to support groups who didn’t focus their attacks on the United States. Now, in Iraq, where there were no anti–U.S. Islamic terrorists before, we have plenty to fight.

Somalia is the third example of the United States creating a potentially anti–U.S. Islamist threat where none previously existed. The U.S.–supported Ethiopian invasion weakened the Somali Islamists, but they are still fighting fiercely for control of Mogadishu, the capital. Like those in Iraq, all the Somali Islamists have to do is hang on until the foreign occupier gets exhausted and leaves. When that happens, the Islamists could very well become the dominant political force in the country, capitalizing on their “patriotic” resistance to the hated Ethiopian occupiers and their U.S. benefactors.

The U.S.–backed Ethiopians, already unpopular, have become even more despised as a result of their alleged indiscriminate shelling of Mogadishu’s civilian areas, which human rights groups are calling a war crime. Unlike the period when the Islamists controlled Mogadishu, the transitional government has been unable to keep order, undermining both its credibility and public support. As a result, many in Somalia see the period of Islamic rule as good days, and now long for its return.

And that’s probably what will happen. Like the resurgent Taliban in Afghanistan, whose recent good fortunes were brought about by continued foreign occupation of that country, we will likely see the Somali Islamists make a comeback.

U.S. experiences in Afghanistan, Iraq, and Somalia should teach foreign policy experts and the American public that U.S. meddling abroad is often counterproductive and dangerous. Yet the U.S. media help the U.S. government disguise these policy failures by failing to expose the underlying causes of violence, enabling the U.S. government to make the same mistakes over and over again.







The Bank of Uganda has been found money laundering over Shs270 billion through the Crane Bank of Uganda into the United States of American bank of Citi Bank, New York:

13th February, 2019

By Yasin Mugerwa 

The Imposing expensive building of the citibank in New York

Probe.  The defunct Crane Bank head quarters in

Probe. The defunct Crane Bank head quarters in Kampala. The Auditor General has queried an additional Shs77.5b that BoU officials claim to have transferred to the 46 Crane Bank branches across the country. FILE PHOTO 

UGANDA, Kampala. 


The Auditor General has, in a confidential report to the Speaker of Parliament, Ms Rebecca Kadaga, said the Shs272.6b which Bank of Uganda injected in Crane Bank to save it from collapsing cannot be traced.

The queried sum is part of Shs478b Bank of Uganda officials claim to have injected into Crane Bank as liquidity support and other costs before selling it to dfcu Bank at Shs200b.

The central bank took over Crane Bank on October 20, 2016, for three months and later sold it without proper valuation. Parliament is investigating the closure of Crane Bank and six other commercial banks.
According to BoU Governor Emmanuel Tumusiime- Mutebile, Crane Bank was under-capitalised and its precarious financial status posed systemic risk to the entire banking sector. 
In the February 2019 “Special Audit Report on the Shs478b injected into Crane Bank Limited by Bank of Uganda”, the AG found that BoU officials approved and remitted $53.16m (more than Shs195b) to Crane Bank by Telegraphic Transfers (TTs).

The money was allegedly requested by undisclosed Crane Bank customers and was later released through the bank’s Nostro Account 3582025085001 after BoU officials sent instructions to Citi Bank in New York. 


“I traced the accounts in the CBL in the TT requests to CBL Nostro account statement and confirmed that the amounts in the requests tallied with the transfers from the Nostro Account. However, I was not able to confirm the final recipients of the respective transfers from the CBL Nostro account as the account didn’t indicate the beneficiary account names, account numbers and beneficiary bank,” the AG report states in part. 

The MPs on the House Committee on Commissions Statutory Authorities and State Enterprises (Cosase), who are investigating closure of seven commercial banks want BoU officials to account for the public funds. 
A nostro account is an account that a bank holds in a foreign currency in another bank. Such accounts are frequently used to facilitate foreign exchange and trade transactions.

The Auditor General, Mr John Muwanga, has also queried an additional Shs77.5b that BoU officials claim they transferred to 46 Crane Bank branches across the country. 
“I was not able to confirm that the funds [recorded in cash accounts] were withdrawn by bona fide account holders at the respective branches because the daily teller transaction reports provided didn’t indicate the customer account numbers and customer names,” the AG states in his report.

Although Ms Charity Mugumya, the BoU head of communications, said she was “out of office until next week,” the BoU officials led by the deputy governor, Dr Louis Kasekende, told the AG that Crane Bank upgraded the banking software from the Bank Master Core system to T24 system, bringing out the “mismatch” in information. “Linking the two systems by dfcu Bank has been a tedious process that might require more time,” the BoU response to the audit query read in part.

BoU has requested dfcu to embark on the process even as the investigating MPs led by Cosase chairman Abdul Katuntu begin to scrutinise the AG’s latest findings on the expenditure of Shs478b. 
The AG, however, did not access all the information about the customer account details to confirm the distribution of the money due to the principle of banking confidentiality. 
The AG also states that audited Crane Bank annual accounts for the period starting January 1, 2016 to January 25, 2017 could not be traced, thus complicating the situation further.


In trying to establish whether the money to Crane Bank for liquidity support was not abused, the AG said he was unable to rely on the draft financial statements provided by BoU statutory manager. The missing details of the recipients of the money came to the fore after Cosase, which is investigating alleged irregularities in the closure of seven commercial banks, ordered for a special audit into the accountability of Shs478b.






The High Court in North America is trying to sort out international high class money laudering  that seems to go on in the United Nations headquarters:

December 5, 2018

Written by AGENCY

Sam Kutesa and Arthur Kafeero

Mr Sam Kutesa and Mr Arthur Kafeero


Last  week on  day two of Chi Ping Patrick Ho’s trial for allegedly bribing Chad’s President Idriss Deby $2 million in cash stuffed in gift boxes to get oil blocks rights and for bribing President Yoweri Museveni and his Foreign minister Sam Kutesa $500,000 each, jurors were shown Kutesa’s and another Ugandan aide’s photos on a courtroom projector.

Testifying  was Vuk Jeremic, former foreign minister of Serbia and a former President of the United Nations General Assembly (PGA). He served in 2012 and  was succeeded by the late John Ashe; Kutesa assumed the post after Ashe.

The USA alleges that Kutesa’s 500,000 was wired from a New York-based bank to an account in Uganda for a fake charity, adding money laundering to the bribe charges against Ho. Gen. Museveni’s alleged $500,000, in cash, was wrapped in gift boxes Mafia-style and delivered by Ho to Uganda when President Museveni invited him to his 2016 swearing in.

Ho allegedly paid the bribes to illegally secure lucrative rights in the oil industry in Chad on behalf of giant energy conglomerate CEFC China Energy Co., a private Shanghai-based company. In Uganda, in addition to oil and infrastructure, CEFC was to build a tourism theme park near Lake Victoria on land allocated by Gen. Museveni and to acquire a financial institution named Crane Bank. CEFC also was to create joint venture enterprises with Museveni’s and Kutesa’s families, the USA alleges. 

Jeremic testified that after his term expired as PGA he signed a consultancy agreement with CEFC and was paid $333,333 annually to help connect the oil giant, through Ho, to people like Deby and Kutesa. In court today Jeremic was shown photos of Kutesa and the Ugandan’s chief of staff when he was PGA, Arthur Kafeero, on a huge courtroom screen. He identified the two men’s photos and spelled out their names before jurors. 

Prosecutors asked Jeremic to provide details about numerous e-mail messages he exchanged with Ho, discussing business ventures. Many of the ventures were on behalf of CEFC although some e-mail messages discussed deals where Ho and Jeremic would bypass CEFC and share the commission 50-50. 

Jeremic testified that he helped CEFC secure major business deals in Asia, Europe and the Middle East. President Deby’s name and Kutesa’s started appearing in e-mail messages exchanged between Ho and Jeremic in September 2014. At the time, Kutesa, already involved in scores of corruption scandals, had just assumed his post as PGA after surviving an online petition campaign signed by 15,695 people seeking to block him from taking the post.

In one of the e-mail messages Ho informed Jeremic that CEFC was eager to enter the oil industry in Chad and needed “endorsement of the chief,” referring to Deby. Jeremic informed Ho that he didn’t personally know Deby but testified that he reached out to Cheikh Tidiane Gaido, Senegal’s former foreign minister who was well connected to several African presidents. 

Gaido originally was arrested with Ho in December 2017 and charged with accepting $400,000 in bribe money to arrange the connection to Deby. The USA has since dropped charges against Gaido and he will testify against Ho. 

Efforts to talk to the Foreign Affairs minister were futile as his phone went unanswered.


Of recent, the country of North America and President Museveni declared the International Criminal Court a non entity. This is a High Court concerned with the killing of people in this world and America has refused to join it as a member. What sort of an International Court is that in America that is attentively listening to the dodgy exchange of money under the table for the rich and powerful. Exactly what benefit will the poor people of Uganda get from all this show-off of the flow of millions of dollars in a capitalist financial system? 






Japan warns African countries on debt burden as the continent gets entrapped more in international debts.

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo (L) shakes hands with Japan's Foreign Minister Taro Kono ahead of their meeting in Tokyo on October 6, 2018. AFP PHOTO 

7 October, 2018


By Frederic Musisi



JAPAN, Tokyo: The Japanese Foreign Affairs minister Taro Kono has urged African governments to watch their appetite for loans, advising that “sound debt management” is key for sustainable development of the continent by African themselves.

Mr Kono speaking Saturday at the opening of the Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD) ministerial meeting in the Japanese capital, said international assistance should be provided in “accordance with international standards such as transparency, openness, and economic efficiency, in view of life-cycle costs as well as debt sustainability of recipient countries.”

“These principles are crucial components of Japan’s “Quality Infrastructure” initiative, based on which Japan is supporting enhanced connectivity throughout the entire African continent and beyond. In keeping with these ideas, Japan encourages African efforts toward economic transformation, as provided for in “Agenda 2063,” he added.

Several African countries including Uganda are mainly indebted to China, with the top recipients of Chinese loans/aid being Angola, Ethiopia, Sudan, Kenya, DR Congo, Congo-Brazaville, Nigeria, Ghana, Cameroon, and Equatorial Guinea.

Chinese President Xi Jinping at the just concluded seventh Forum on China-Africa Co-operation (FOCAC) summit held in Beijing offered to write off debts of some, especially poor African countries and further announced $60b (Shs224trillion) in new funding for Africa.

The Shs224trillion, Chinese state media reported, includes Shs56trillion ($15b) in grants, interest-free loans and concessional loans, Shs74trillion ($20b) of credit lines, Shs37trillion ($10b) for setting up of a special fund for development financing, and Shs18trillion ($5b) for a special fund for financing imports from Africa.

China has since overtaken the 22-member Paris Club (of mainly traditional creditors like US, UK, France, Germany, Denmark, and Italy) as the top source of lending and foreign direct investments for Africa. Some critics however argue that China is only entrapping Africa with its loans while fast exploiting its resources from minerals, oil and gas, to buying large tracts of land to grow food to feed its population back home.

Japan seeks share of Africa

TICAD, midwifed 25 years ago, is a forum for Japan— the world's third largest economy—to further cooperation with Africa.

At least 25 African Foreign Affairs ministers co-convened with the World Bank, African Union Commission, and United Nations. The meeting ends today.

Mr Kono reinforced the importance of free trade if Africa is to realise economic transformation, weighing-in on the increasing uncertainty surrounding the current international world order and widespread use of unilateral actions which he said is eroding multilateralism, particularly by the US President Donald Trump administration.

“Japan, however, remains determined to maintain and develop free and fair multilateral and plurilateral trading systems,” he added. “Our policies towards Africa have been shaped by our own experiences, which can be expressed in our belief that “the strength of a country lies in its people.”

Some analysts have warned that the ongoing tit-for-tat trade tariffs war between the United States and China could trigger some shockwaves for Africa, which is Beijing’s biggest trading partner. By end of last year, according to China’s ministry of Commerce, the China-Africa import-export trade had grown to Shs626trillion ($170b).

Mr Kono further commended African governments for taking a common stance against North Korea in line with the UN Security Council resolutions over its nuclear enrichments and missiles tests near shared waters with Japan.

“We hope to work continuously with Africa on these challenges to realize a better future for all,” he said.

The UN Under-Secretary-General and Special Adviser on Africa to the United Nations Secretary-General, Ms Bience Gawanas described TICAD strategies as aligned to the UN Sustainable Development Agenda (SDGs) and the African Union 2063 agenda which puts great focus on promoting private sector led role in Africa more than aid.






The African country of Senegal is getting addicted to Chinese loans as France’s hold loosens:

China's President Xi Jinping meets with Senegalese President Macky Sall in Hangzhou
President Macky Sall shakes hands with the President of China, Xi Jinping
By Janet Eom of the China Africa Research Initiative.
21 July, 2018

DAKAR, SENEGAL: When China’s president Xi Jinping stops over in Senegal for his first State visit to the country it will be the third time since 2012 Xi and Senegal’s president Macky Sall will meet. And while China sees Dakar in a way not so different from how it approaches the rest of Africa, Sall has a lot at stake and has talked of a “special relationship” that bonds the two countries.

It is the first overseas trip of Xi’s second term as president and will also take in Rwanda on his was to South Africa for the BRICs summit.


Under Sall, elected in 2012, the country has engaged in an ambitious Plan for an Emerging Senegal, which wants to see a major economic and infrastructural overhaul by the year 2035—encompassing everything form transport and industry to education, urbanization, agriculture, healthcare and employment.

For this, China’s loans have been decisive: “Chinese loans are quite flexible, and have convenient terms for us,” said Thierno Ba Demba Diallo, co-ounder of the Institute for Applied Negotiation and a government advisor: “It is true that the IMF has been cautioning Senegal on how much debt it’s taking on, but we have solid growth, and lots of resources, oil among them,” he said.

Senegal isn’t alone in being cautioned by IMF about mounting debt, more than a few African countries are believed to have become significantly indebted to China’s convenient loans in a bid to tackle an infrastructure deficit problem rampant across Sub Saharan Africa. For example it was recently revealed that over 70% of Kenya’s external bilateral debt is owed to China alone.

It is however hard to come by complete statistics of how exposed Senegal has become to Chinese loans, with a certain level of opacity on the total amounts involved. China is building a highway linking Dakar to Touba, its second city, and part of an industrial park in Diamniadio, as well as many other projects, for a partial total of $1.6 billion being loaned and invested by China in Senegal (French), making China the first investor of the country, and its second international commercial partner (up from 24th in 2012), after France.


While China’s economic importance for Senegal is paramount, “for China, what really matters is political,” said Thierry Pairault, of the French National Scientific Research Centre. Africa represents only 4% of Chinese international trade, Pairault said, while China’s presence has allowed Africa to become more dynamic and to diversify the pool of its economic partners. “The main interest remains political, though, in terms of counting on African support in the various international fora, and also to absorb China’s overcapacity problems by creating exterior demand,” he said.

As Sall lays out the red carpet for Xi, it’s worth remembering China is a relatively new partner for Senegal—Dakar only resumed diplomatic ties with Beijing in 2005, switching allegiances from Taipei. It helps diversify its reliance on its other “special relationship” with France, the former colonizer and still the most important foreign political and commercial presence in Senegal.

For example, Senegal uses the Francophone West African version of the common currency CFA. The CFA and its structure, in which the 14 countries, through two regional central banks, deposit 50% of foreign exchange reserves at the Bank of France in exchange for fixed-rate euro convertibility, are facing their most significant criticism in decades.

China has been courted by Senegal with success, together with Turkey, which has been investing heavily in the country, closing in on the privileged relationship France thought was a historical given.

While Senegal has a clear strategy of obtaining more loans and expertise to finance its development, China is also using its more recent African foray to gather more experience in unfamiliar terrains. “China is eager for regional connectivity, and doesn’t discriminate on where it wants to be. It can be quite experimental, adding more investments and projects in tranches: but both sides may need to be more careful going forward,” says Janet Eom.








The United States has withdrawn from the United Nations rights body because it cannot take any more criticism of its love for Israel:

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo looks on as

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo looks on as US Ambassador to the United Nation Nikki Haley speaks at the US Department of State in Washington DC on June 19, 2018. AFP PHOTO  

The United States withdrew from the United Nations Human Rights Council on Tuesday, condemning the "hypocrisy" of its members and its alleged "unrelenting bias" against Israel.
The US ambassador to the United Nations, Nikki Haley, came to Washington to announce the decision alongside President Donald Trump's top diplomat, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo.
Both insisted the United States would remain a leading champion of human rights but, for many, the decision will reflect Trump's general hostility to the world body and to multilateral diplomacy in general.

The announcement came after the top UN human rights official criticized Washington for separating migrant children from their parents who are seeking asylum after crossing into the country from Mexico.
But Haley and Pompeo stressed the decision had been made after a long year of efforts to shame the council into reform and to remove member states that themselves commit abuses.

"These reforms were needed in order to make the council a serious advocate for human rights," Haley said.
"For too long, the Human Rights Council has been a protector of human rights abusers, and a cesspool of political bias. Regrettably, it is now clear that our call for reform was not heeded."
The Geneva-based body was established in 2006 to promote and protect human rights worldwide, but its pronouncements and reports have often clashed with US priorities.

In particular, the council's focus on Israeli behavior towards Palestinians in the territory it occupies on the West Bank and in Gaza has infuriated Washington.
But, as Haley stressed, Washington also believes it comes up short on criticizing even flagrant abuses by US opponents like Venezuela and Cuba.
"Countries have colluded with each other to undermine the current method of selecting members," Pompeo said.
"And the council's continued and well-documented bias against Israel is unconscionable," he said.

"Since its creation, the council has adopted more resolutions condemning Israel than against the rest of the world combined."
Israel's Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu welcomed the US move, branding the council "a biased, hostile, anti-Israel organization that has betrayed its mission of protecting human rights."
Haley, who issued a warning a year ago that Washington would make good on its threat to leave the council if reforms were not carried through, used even starker language.
"We take this step because our commitment does not allow us to remain a part of a hypocritical and self-serving organization that makes a mockery of human rights," she said.

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres regretted the US decision, adding: "The UN's human rights architecture plays a very important role in the promotion and protection of human rights worldwide."
On Monday, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra'ad Al Hussein, a Jordanian, had rebuked Trump over the US practice of splitting up migrant families detained on the Mexican border.
"The thought that any state would seek to deter parents by inflicting such abuse on children is unconscionable," he said.

Defending Israel
Independent watchdog Human Rights Watch criticized the move, warning Washington's absence at the council would put the onus on other governments to address the world's most serious rights problems.
"The Trump administration's withdrawal is a sad reflection of its one-dimensional human rights policy: defending Israeli abuses from criticism takes precedence above all else," executive director Kenneth Roth said.
"The UN Human Rights Council has played an important role in such countries as North Korea, Syria, Myanmar and South Sudan, but all Trump seems to care about is defending Israel."
US criticism stems from the fact that Israel is the only country that has a dedicated agenda item at council meetings, one defended in particular by the Arab bloc of countries.

Known as "Item 7", this items means that Israel's treatment of the Palestinians comes under scrutiny at each of three annual sessions.
The United States refused to join the body when it was created in 2006, when George W. Bush was in the White House and his ambassador to the UN was John Bolton now Trump's UN-skeptic national security advisor.
After Barack Obama came to power, Washington joined the council in 2009.
But when Trump took office, he adopted a hostile approach to world governance, leading Washington to quit the UN cultural agency UNESCO, cut UN funding and planning to leave the Paris climate agreement.


How then can this Current World blame Dictator Hitler of 1910/45 for putting some of the blame for the 2 Savage World Wars on the influence of Jewish immigration influence in Europe?






The New President of North America, Mr Donald Trump is determined to change world trade only for the commercial interests of his country:

Trump is creating his American caliphate, and democracy has no defence. 

By inflicting tariffs on the steel and aluminum of his allies, and then on tens of billions of dollars in goods from China, US President Donald Trump has quickly moved to fulfill the tough campaign pledges he made on World trade.

16 June, 2018

The independent, Uganda

During his first year in office, Trump and his top economic aides made repeated threats and warned that preliminary investigations were launched into whether certain imports were being unjustly subsidized. But no concrete steps were taken.

That all changed in March, when the “America First” president went on the offensive.

“What happened for a period of time is the president was constrained by different members” of his administration, said Edward Alden, a specialist on US economic competitiveness at the Council on Foreign Relations.


“But the president has become increasingly confident in his own judgment on these issues… He is willing to do radical things he promised during his campaign and for many years before that.”

In its latest move, the White House on Friday announced stiff 25 percent tariffs on Chinese imports, sparking immediate retaliation from Beijing.

The move, which Trump justified as payback for the theft of American intellectual property and technology, reignited a trade spat between the world’s two largest economies, spooking markets and worrying business leaders.

It came on top of the tariffs on Chinese steel and aluminum that went into effect in late March — measures that prompted Beijing to slap punitive duties on 128 US goods, including pork, wine and certain pipes.

Since June 1, steel and aluminum imports from the European Union, Canada and Mexico have been hit with tariffs of 25 percent and 10 percent, respectively.

Trump has seemingly opted to go with his gut, sometimes over the protestations of his closest aides.

On the metal tariffs, he ignored the warnings of then chief economic advisor Gary Cohn, who was against the move. Cohn has since left the administration.

And though the US and China reached a “consensus” at high-level trade talks led by US Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin in May, Trump did not hesitate to trample on it.

China had offered to ramp up purchases of American goods by only $70 billion to help cut the yawning trade imbalance with the United States, whereas Trump had demanded a $200 billion deficit cut.

When he didn’t get it, he made good on his threat to unleash a raft of tariffs.

“It is an extremely dangerous and provocative strategy,” says Alden.


Significant collateral damage


Trump and his most hardline advisors — led by Peter Navarro, who is openly hostile to China — are convinced that the US will win a trade war.

Their argument: Washington’s trade partners, especially Beijing, have much more to lose than the United States, given their dependence on selling to the US market.

On Friday, the unorthodox Republican president reiterated that he is unafraid of a trade war — for him, the war is already lost when a country posts a massive trade deficit, so it cannot get worse.

In 2017, the US exported $130.4 billion worth of goods to China, the world’s second biggest economy. It imported $505.6 billion worth of Chinese goods, according to Commerce Department statistics.

Eswar Prasad, a China specialist and professor of trade policy at Cornell University, said that while the overall impact of an open trade war on the two economies “is likely to be modest, there could be significant damage inflicted on specific export-oriented firms and industries caught up in the battle.”

He added that many sectors of the US economy, from agriculture to aircraft manufacturing, “could suffer significant collateral damage” from a trade war.

This week, the director of the International Monetary Fund, Christine Lagarde, issued a warning about protectionism.

If there is tit-for-tat retaliation from US trading partners, which they have threatened, there will be “losers on both sides,” Lagarde told reporters.

The IMF has said for months that the prospect of a sweeping trade war could derail global growth, which struggled after the 2008 financial crisis but is now boosted by the worldwide exchange of goods and services.


It is very unfortunate that the IMF is unable to restore harmony in this global trade war. Most of the countries that suffered the two former World War  seem to forget global history as they have grown rich. There was a Solid International Agreement to kick start this world economy using the local currency of North America, known these days as the dollar currency!


Now that the country of North America is in fatigue, it can make out an appeal to the IMF or to the World Bank members to stop the use of the dollar as the final trade currency. So that a new acceptable world trade currency can be established. Trade on this planet must be for the good of humanity and the delicate environment.

Science these days has established that  man has not as yet found any other planet from the millions in outer space, that has the same environment of life as that of our planet. Modern humanity must become very serious about its survival than about its destruction.







North America is trying to stop all countries to own any Nuclear armament other than for himself:


Poo to you: Kim insists on own pen, toilet abroad

Sounds like African Dictator President Museveni of Uganda:

The North Korean dictator worries about leaving behind biological information about himself

By Mike Wright of the Daily Telegraph
US President Donald Trump and North Korea's leader Kim Jong-un before signing documents that acknowledge the progress of the talks and pledge to keep momentum going, in Singapore.
SIGN OF CHANGE: US President Donald Trump and North Korea's leader Kim Jong-un before signing documents that acknowledge the progress of the talks and pledge to keep momentum going, in Singapore. 
Image: Reuters/Jonathan Ernst

Kim Jong-un appeared unwilling to use the American pen provided for him as he signed the historic denuclearisation deal with Donald Trump on Tuesday.

A member of the North Korean leader’s security team was seen wearing white gloves and wiping down the Trump-branded pen provided for him moments before the two leaders sat down to put their names to the agreement.

Then at the last moment Kim’s sister, Kim Yo-jong, pulled a pen from her pocket which she gave to her brother.

His sister, who is believed to be 30,  has emerged as the dictator’s most trusted confidant in recent months and was the first member of the ruling dynasty to travel to South Korea during the February Winter Olympics.

He is reported to have brought his own toilet 
with him to the summit at the island hotel so that he doesn’t leave any stool behind that can 
be analysed for intelligence 
about his 

The moment came as Kim and Trump signed an agreement at the The Capella Resort on the Singapore island of Sentosa, which committed to “leave the past behind”, with North Korea pledging to start decommissioning parts of its nuclear arsenal.

Notoriously paranoid

Despite the unprecedented rapprochement between the two countries, the North Koreans have maintained a tight security presence around their leader.

Kim is notoriously paranoid about leaving behind personal and biological information about himself when he travels abroad.

He is reported to have brought his own toilet with him to the summit at the island hotel so that he doesn’t leave any stool behind that can be analysed for intelligence about his health.

Paranoia about leaving behind DNA evidence is not confined to Kim: his father, Kim Jong-il, also took a private toilet with him when he travelled.

Lee Yun-keol, a North Korean defector who worked in the regime’s Guard Command unit before escaping to South Korea in 2005, told the Washington Post: “Rather than using a public restroom, the leader of North Korea has a personal toilet that follows him around when he travels.

“The leader’s excretions contain information about his health status so they can’t be left behind.”

Kim’s health has been a topic of speculation before when he was seen walking with an unexplained limp in 2014.

He is also known to be a heavy smoker and is frequently seen holding  a lit cigarette in official photographs.


Information about the Kim family is so tightly controlled by North Korea that basic facts about Kim, such as his age (he is thought to be 34) and the number of children he has are not known for certain.

North Korea has deployed other tight security measures to protect the leader while at the summit, such as using decoy planes, bringing their own food and transporting him in a bulletproof limousine.

Although yesterday Kim did break with his closely guarded regimen when he went for a night stroll on the Singapore waterfront, even posing for selfies with the city state’s foreign minister.







Omupakisitaani Amerika gwe yafuumudde n'emusuula mu Uganda alaajanidde President Museveni:

By Musasi wa Bukedde


Added 16th May 2018


OMUSAJJA Omupakisitaani America gwe yafuumudde n’emuttika ku nnnyonyi n’emusuula mu Uganda olw’okuba yazaalirwa mu ddwaliro ly’e Mengo alaajanidde Pulezidenti Museveni amukkirize okufuuka omutuuze wa wano n’okukolerawo emirimu ng’agamba nti ye dokita mutendeke asobola n’okujjanjaba okusinga Abacuba Gavumenti b’eyagala okuleeta.


Ahmad 703x422


Shafik Ahmad, yafuumuddwa gavumenti ya America  n’emutikka ku nnyonyi n’emusuula mu Uganda  oluvannyuma lw’ebiwandiiko bye ebimubeeza mu Amerika okuggwaako ng’akawandiiko kokka akalaga ensibuko ye ke k'ebbaluwa y'obuzaaale eraga nti yazaalibwa mu Uganda wadde nga bazadde be Bapakisitaani.

Kyokka wadde yazaalibwa mu Uganda, omusajja ono ow’emyaka 57 ensi eno yagimalamu emyezi mukaaga gyokka  bazadde be okwali  kitaawe eyali omusomesa mu ssomero lya Agakhan mu Kampala ne basenguka ne bagenda naye e Nigeria gye yasomera n’afuna diguli  mu busawo era nayo ne basengukayo ne bagenda mu Amerika gy’abadde abeera okuva mu myaka gy’ekinaana okutuuka lwe bamugobyeyo.

Mu Amerika yagendayo ng’akozesa paasipooti ya Parkistan kati eyaweddeko n’atasigaza kawandiiko konna kamusobozesa kubeerayo kuba ne kaadi y’obutuuze bwayo (Green card) eyamuweebwa yaggwaako.

Omusajja ono enzaalwa ya Uganda atalina  ndagamuntu  ya wano yawandiise ebbaluwa eri Pulezidenti Museveni ng’ayita ku kasimu ke ng’asinziira mu kaduukulu mwe yabadde n’agamba nti ayagala Pulezidenti amukkirize okubeera wano akole emirimu gye kuba musawo asobola okujjanjaba abantu n’okusinga Abacuba.

" Nafuumuddwa ne nsuulibwa wano olw’ebbaluwa y’obuzaale eraga nti banzaalira Mengo. Ekitebe kya Uganda mu America kye kyampadde ebiwandiiko ebyantuusizza wano  kyokka ngezaako okusaba obutuuze bwa wano naye nnemeseddwa olw’okuba ekitebe kya Amerika mu Uganda kigamba nti Uganda  nayo engobe ntwalibwe e Pakistan eri bazadde bange,’’ Ahmad bwe yategeezezza.

Yagambye nti Abasiraamu Abayindi n’Abapakisitaani ababeera mu Uganda  beetegefu okumulabirira singa ateebwa.

Agamba nti mu Amerika yafunayo omukazi Kris mu 1996 ne bazaala omwana Zaid mu 1999.

Wabula baayawukana mu kkooti mu mwaka gwa 2005 n’afuna omukazi omulala Tiffany Macey naye gwe baayawukana naye ng’amuloopye mu b’obuyinza nti yagezaako okutemula mukazi we eyasooka Kris ekitali kituufu.

Oluvannyuma omusajja agamba nti  yakizuula nti omukazi ow’okubiri gwe yafuna baali ba mukwano n’eyasooka era n'olukwe baapanga lupange okumusuula.

Bwe yatwalibwa mu kkomera  mu 2009, yasibwa emyaka musanvu era olwaweddeko n’atikkibwa ku nnyonyi n’asuulibwa mu Uganda.

Agamba nti agezezzaako okufuuka omunoonyi w’obubudamu oba okusaba wano obutuuze kyokka bikyagaanyi.

Omwogezi wa Minisitule y’ensonga z’omunda, Jacob Shems Siminyu yategeezezza bannamawulire nti  balina obukakafu nti Ahmad ssi Munnayuganda era boogeraganya ne gavumenti ya Amerika balabe eky’okumukolera okuli n’eky’omuzaayo gye yavudde.


America etabuse luno. Ezayo abagenyi bayo ababuli nsi yonna. Ate ye number emu bweti ensi eno etambuza abatuuze bayo mu buli nsi yonna eri wansi wo mwezi no musana. Nga no ne kumwezi ne kumunyenye eya Mars nayo etambulirayo kyeere. Mutawana munene nyo nti etandise nokugaba ebibuga ebisanidde okuba ebikulu munsi zeyagala nga Palastine ne Korea! Kyakabi nyo nga bajjajja baffe bwebalamula. Omugagga si muntu, bwayoya ekibumba atta nte yonna.






North American Foreign Secretary Mr Tillerson has fallen Sick In Nairobi, Kenya:

11 March, 2018


Staff Writer, Red pepper, Uganda.


U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson has canceled a day of events in Kenya due to illness.

“The Secretary is not feeling well after a long couple days working on major issues back home such as North Korea,” said Undersecretary of State Steve Goldstein.


There are no indications his illness is serious. Goldstein said some events may be rescheduled for later in his trip, including a planned stop at the site of the 1998 bombing of the U.S. Embassy in Nairobi.


Tillerson had planned Saturday to attend an event for PEPFAR, the U.S. program to fight HIV/AIDS in Africa. He also was expected to meet with American diplomats serving at the new U.S. Embassy. The PEPFAR event went on without him, while the embassy visit was scrapped.


A rigorous Africa schedule that included stops in three countries on Friday has been made even more strenuous for Tillerson by events in Washington. Tillerson was up much of the previous night working the phones when President Donald Trump agreed to a meeting with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un.

Tillerson arrived in Kenya on Friday afternoon for the third stop on his five-country tour of Africa. He had started his day Friday in Ethiopia with the North Korea announcement and flew to Djibouti for a brief visit before continuing on to Nairobi.



Americans better get sick with all the responsibility of trying to run the whole affairs of this planet. In Kenya, America should be emphasising Gerrymandering as an election crime and all those involved sanctioned as the high courts of law in Kenya found out.

In North Korea, the leader there should make it clear to the whole world he wants to bomb a nuclear bomb with, who exactly is his enemy? His military Generals he always kills at will, China, America, South Korea or what?






The United States of America spends $140m on the fight against International terrorism in East Africa:

By Simon Masaba


Added 11th March 2018


Tillerson observed that with the deployments, more African countries were taking ownership of their future.


Rextillerson 703x422

The United States has invested over $140m (about sh504b) towards the fight against terrorism in East Africa (EA) in the last two years.

The US Secretary of State, Rex Tillerson, who is visiting the region, praised the work of the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) for stabilising the region.

Tillerson, in his speech on US - Africa relations: titled a ‘New Framework’ at George Mason University in Fairfax, hailed troops from the five African countries, including Uganda, for stabilizsing areas under attack from al-Shabaab.

He pledged to work with the African Union leadership to combat terrorism in East Africa by backing regional and multilateral efforts.

“I look forward to meeting with AU Commission Chairperson, Moussa Faki Mahamat on my upcoming trip to explore more ways in which we can work together to counter terrorism on the continent,” he stated.

AMISOM includes troops from five African countries, stabilising areas under attack from al-Shabaab and permitting much needed aid to reach the Somali people.

Uganda, the first country to deploy troops in 2007, contributes the largest share of more than 6,000 peacekeepers.

Last year, US supported more than 27,000 African peacekeepers from over 20 African countries.

Tillerson observed that with the deployments, more African countries were taking ownership of their future.

Globally, Africa makes up about 50% of peacekeeping forces, compared to about 20% a decade ago, he stated.

The US diplomat said the US would partner with the Regional East Africa Counterterrorism (PREACT) to intensify the fight against terror, according to a statement sent to New Vision by the US-Kampala embassy.

Since 2016, the United States has contributed more than $140m to help partners prevent terrorist safe havens and the recruitment through these partnerships, Tillerson said.

However, even with growing support, not all countries in the Great Lakes region of Africa have laws to address terrorism, Uganda Police authorities have revealed.

According to the Strategic Policing plan 2015/16-2019/20, this challenge directly affects regional efforts to combat terrorism, especially when a terrorist act is committed in a country that lacks relevant laws and an effective legal frame work for combating the vice.

“These efforts are also hampered by continued support given to terrorists by some countries within and outside of Africa, differing levels of Counter Terrorism (CT) training and awareness within the great lakes countries and the varied threats to individual countries, which in part determines their strategic priorities,” excerpts from Strategic Policing Plan read.

Tillerson will be making his first official visit to Sub-Saharan Africa, a region that has suffered gruesome terrorist attacks in recent years.

This August will mark 20 years since hundreds of lives were lost in the US-embassy attacks in Nairobi and Dar- es- Salaam.

“Since that day, thousands more have died at the hands of terrorists in different parts of Africa. Terrorist attacks rose from less than 300 in 2009, to more than 1,500 in each of the years 2015, 2016, and 2017,” the diplomat noted. 

Tillerson said there is need to work towards finding long-term diplomatic solutions to conflicts that cause so much human suffering.

“Until we do, the United States, as the world’s largest provider of humanitarian assistance, will continue to stand with those most vulnerable,” he added. 

While explaining in response to the growing threat, Tillerson said the US sanctioned seven ISIS-affiliated groups, including ISIS-West Africa and ISIS-Somalia and their leaders in an effort to cut off the resources that these groups use to carry out attacks.

He noted that terrorism knows no borders, stressing that in the Sahel and the Lake Chad Basin, Boko Haram, ISIS-West Africa, al-Qaida in the Maghreb and other groups are adaptable, they’re resilient, and capable of launching attacks throughout the area.

Tillerson said regional cooperation is crucial to disrupting such attacks and denying them the capability to plan and carry them out in the future.

The Multinational Joint Task Force – created by Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Benin, and Cameroon – along with the Group of Five Sahel nations, or the G5 – Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, and Niger – are pooling expertise and resources top fight to neutralize terrorist groups in the area.

Their work is also instrumental in achieving African-led solutions to terrorism and instability.  Last October, US committed up to $60m towards the G5’s counterterrorism efforts – to enable them train and equip members of the Joint Force and counter terrorist propaganda throughout these communities. 

Police speaks-out

The Uganda Police Force (UPF) Strategic Policing Plan 2015/16-2019/20 indicates that the force (UPF) created a specialised directorate of CT to fight terrorism as a major threat to national, regional and international peace and security.

Uganda has suffered devastating human cost of terrorism in terms of lives lost and those injured with permanent disabilities.

On July 11 2010, more than 76 people were killed and more than 70 injured in suicide bomb attacks by Alshaabab Islamic militants during the 2010 World Cup final match at Lugogo Rugby Club and the Ethiopian village in Kababalaga, Makindye division.

Since then, Uganda has had more than 15 terrorist threats, which police and sister security agencies have neutralized.

Within the region, Kenya has experienced terrorist attacks more than any of the East African Countries. Since, 2011, Kenya has suffered more than 36 terrorist attacks that have claimed atleast 456 lives and left more 575 injured.

Government (Uganda) has tackled the problem of terrorism through legal, society, security and regional cooperation’s approaches.

In 2002, Uganda also enacted “The anti- Terrorism Act, 2002,” to provide for an effective legal framework for combating terrorism acts in the country.

Subsequently, government established the Joint Anti-Terrorism (JAT) Task Force, an interagency unit that coordinates all security actions on terrorism in the country. The JAT is constituted by representatives from all security agencies, and it reports to a security committee chaired the Inspector general of Police (IGP), and comprised of leaders of all security agencies.

At the regional level, the East African Community Inter-Forces cooperation and Partnership, EAPCCO, Interpol, the Northern Corridor, do coordinate tracking of terrorist groups.

The forces supported by governments of each country share information and intelligence for prevention of terrorist activities in the region.

This collaboration and partnership with Kenya and Tanzania led to the arrest and prosecution of suspects in July 2010 Kampala terrorist attacks.






In Uganda, the lack of self-help projects in African engineering and science in the African communities, is soon causing a tragedy on Arua hanging bridge:



Poor state.  Residents cross  Aji Bridge  in

Poor state. Residents cross the Aji Bridge in Upper Madi Okollo County, Arua District. PHOTO BY FELIX WAROM OKELLO 


15 February, 2018



Tragedy is looming large in the countryside of Arua unless the government intervenes urgently. The story of the broken Aji Bridge in Offaka in Madi Okolo in Arua is a sad and worrying scenario. The bridge collapsed or was swept away due to heavy rains about eight years ago, but to-date, it has not been reconstructed. Life has become harder and risky for residents who have no convenient alternative route to Arua Town or other destinations for businesses and other activities.
The bridge is the only route that takes patients and pregnant mothers for medical care at the government’s health centre at Offaka. It’s also a route for hundreds of pupils and students who cross the menacing waters at the broken bridge every day as they go to or return from school. 
What passes for a bridge today is now a structure of wooden logs loosely joined together by nails courtesy of desperate residents. 
The bridge can’t accommodate a truck or any vehicle except a light boda-boda (motorcycle), which has now become the only viable means of transport. But its limitations in tonnage has made doing business very hard for local traders. 
A bodaboda cannot carry bulky merchandise and for that reason, it has proved astronomically expensive for traders to use for transporting their goods to or from Arua Town. 
For eight years, patients, expectant mothers, school children and other travellers have endured this dilemma and risked their lives and property by daring into the raging waters, especially during rainy seasons. 
Whether it’s the responsibility of the Uganda National Roads Authority or the district administration, the relevant authorities have slept on the job. They are waiting to wake up after a tragedy has struck when school children have been swallowed up by the hostile waters. 
How can a part of a community be cut off from the rest of the country for eight years on account of a broken bridge and nothing is done and the local or central government believe it’s business as usual? Whoever is responsible should make urgent intervention before this river claims human lives.
The people of Offaka Sub-county deserve better. They are taxpayers and therefore entitled to service delivery or safe water transport. 
It’s even surprising that the area Member of Parliament has not made noise about the suffering of his people in order to force government to intervene. Has he also been sleeping or slept on the job?







The United States of American forces are at it again exporting another destructive war on the African continent, by killing 13 Al-Shabaab militants in an air strike in the poor country of Somalia:

The Shabaab lost its foothold in Mogadishu in

The Shabaab lost its foothold in Mogadishu in 2011 but has continued its fight and still controls vast rural areas. AFP PHOTO 

The United States carried out an air strike on Christmas Eve against the Shabaab Islamist group that left 13 dead, according to a statement released on Wednesday.

"In coordination with the Federal Government of Somalia, US forces conducted an airstrike against al-Shabaab militants on the morning of Dec. 24, 2017, in southern Somalia, killing 13 terrorists," read the statement from the US Africa Command (AFRICOM).

The United States has stepped up its operations in Somalia in recent weeks, with frequent strikes against Shabaab and a separate self-proclaimed branch of the Islamic State in the Horn of Africa nation.

Three weeks ago the US said it had killed eight Shabaab militants, while an air strike in November reportedly left more than 100 jihadists dead.

The Al-Qaeda-linked Shabaab has been fighting to overthrow successive internationally backed governments in Mogadishu since 2007 and frequently deploys car and truck bombs against military, government and civilian targets.

The Shabaab lost its foothold in Mogadishu in 2011 but has continued its fight and still controls vast rural areas.

The group is widely blamed for the country's worst ever bombing which in October left 512 dead.


It would help the two opposing forces to sit down on the table and talk over their differences. Somalia has destroyed itself worse off as in Syria to start talking about ending a modern war. These wars of attrition by the USA is not any good for the foe and the friend of America let alone the countries they all reside in.

The so called African countries that wanted to help Somalia become a a very nice democratic Christian country have lost it even in their own backyard. Too bad for the poor and very innocent Africans!








In the African country of Somalia, the Moslem majority that won a democratic election some years back(now called Al-Shabaab jihadists by many Christian countries), are being bombed out of Somalia, by the military might of the United States of America:


The deadly US military robot plane that cannot miss a target.
11 December, 2017
Staff Writer, The Red Pepper newspaper, Uganda.

Militants loyal to the Al-Qaeda linked Al-Shabaab have reportedly fled to the central region following the US airstrikes on their bases in southern Somalia.

The commander of Somali National Army (SNA) in Hiran region, Gen Mohamed Ahmed Tredishe, stated that they had received reports of the Al-Shabaab militants vacating parts of Hiran.


“Villagers and pastoralists have been reporting that militants who appeared to have abandoned their bases in southern Somalia have reached some areas in the central region,” said Gen Tredishe at a press conference in Beledweyne town, the capital of Hiran region.

Beledweyne town lies some 335km north of Mogadishu.


Further north


There were reports that the jihadists also wanted to move further north to Galgaduud and Mudug and even to the northeastern regions in the semi-autonomous Puntland State.

“We will not allow Al-Shabaab militants to hide in the mountainous area of the central regions or move on to the eastern regions,” stated Gen Tredishe.

The fleeing militants are said to have come from the Al-Shabaab bases in Lower Juba, Gedo and Lower Shabelle, the scenes of recent bombardment by US drones supporting the government of Somalia and the African Union forces (Amisom).

Last week, a US defence official was quoted by CNN, saying the strike on an Al-Shabaab training camp was carried out by a manned aircraft, killing 100 militants.


The fight


The strike reportedly occurred 125km northwest of Mogadishu.

Since October 14 when a huge car bomb killed nearly 400 civilians in Mogadishu, the Somali government and Amisom troops have initiated more aggressive military campaigns against the jihadists.

In March, President Donald Trump enhanced the US military’s authority to intensify airstrikes in the fight against the Somali insurgents.


One would wonder very differently if China was the super power involved in such a fatal war that has turned this African country into an African Armageddon.





Israel Ties deepens with Africa as the Israel Prime Minister meets 10 African leaders at Uhuru's party in Kenya:


3 December,  2017

By the East African paper



Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu, left, Ethiopia’s

Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu, left, Ethiopia’s PM Hailemariam Desalegn and Uhuru Kenyatta at State House Nairobi on November 28, 2017. PHOTO | PSCU 

Yet when it was confirmed that Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu would attend President Kenyatta’s inauguration on November 28, the debate quickly turned to the closeness between the two leaders and Kenya’s strategic value to Africa.

While some State House operatives characterised Netanyahu’s visit as emblematic of the cordial relations between the two leaders and their people, the inauguration also afforded the prime minister an opportunity to interact with almost a dozen African leaders who were attending the swearing in ceremony. On the agenda was politics, diplomacy, security and business.

Mr Netanyahu announced he would be attending the inauguration in a speech marking the death 44 years ago of former Israeli premier Ben Gurion. In the speech, Mr Netanyahu spoke with nostalgia of Gurion’s foreign policy mantra — the Periphery Plan — through which Israel ignored hostile neighbours and courted Turkey, Iran and Ethiopia to be its allies.

“We are in an unprecedented [diplomatic] boom, not only with our great friend the United States, Russia, the Asian countries — especially China, India and Japan — but also Latin America, Australia, and African countries, where I will be going next week for the third time in a year and a half,” Mr Netanyahu was quoted by sections of the Israeli press as telling a faction of the ruling Likud party.

Israeli-Africa Summit

Mr Netanyahu said as he boarded the plane, “is to deepen ties with Africa, including by establishing connections with nations with which we do not have diplomatic relations.”

Earlier he had told legislators that he would be meeting 11 African leaders — it turned out to be 10 — during President Kenyatta’s inauguration.


The trip was the prime minister’s third to Africa in 18 months. It enabled Mr Netanyahu to sustain rapport with the continent, a rapport that appeared to have been derailed following the cancellation of the Israeli-Africa Summit that was to be held in Togo at the end of October.

The summit was cancelled amid strong opposition from the Palestinian Authority, the Arab League, South Africa and Morocco, denying Mr Netanyahu another chance to lobby for Israel to join the UN Security Council at the election set for 2019.

Mr Netanyahu had during a visit to Liberia in June this year as the guest of Economic Community of West African States, laid bare the basis for his engagement with Africa.

“My visit to Liberia is another chapter in the attempt to break the automatic anti-Israel majority in the United Nations. This process will take years. In the meantime, Israel is coming back to Africa in a big way,” he wrote on his Facebook page. 

That rapprochement appears to be paying dividends faster than Mr Netanyahu envisaged. Senegal and Guinea — two Muslim majority nations — sent non-resident envoys to Israel in August while Cape Verde announced soon after that it would no longer vote against Israel at the UN.

After discussions with Rwandan President Paul Kagame in Nairobi, Mr Netanyahu announced back home that Tel Aviv would open an embassy in Kigali, becoming the fifth diplomatic office Israel has opened in Africa in the past two years.

Currently, the Israeli ambassador to Ethiopia handles matters related to Rwanda. The country has been a dependable ally of Israel after abstaining in the 2014 vote on a resolution advancing the Palestinian statehood bid at the United Nations Security Council.


Mr Netanyahu also announced that Israel was considering starting direct commercial flights to Rwanda. The two countries recently agreed on a $5,000 per head price for African migrant that Kigali would accept, helping Tel Aviv deport up to 50,000 mostly illegal Sudanese and Eritrean refugees.

“This is part of the expansion of Israel’s presence in Africa and of the deepening co-operation between Israel and African countries,” Mr Netanyahu said.


On the sidelines of the inauguration festivities in Kenya, Mr Netanyahu also met the presidents of Gabon, Uganda, Zambia, South Sudan, Botswana and Namibia, the prime minister of Ethiopia and Tanzania’s vice president Samia Suluhu.

Details of the meetings were not immediately available but Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni said their discussion focused on “strengthening Uganda-Israeli relations.”

Before Liberia, Mr Netanyahu had visited Uganda, Kenya, Rwanda and Ethiopia in July last year and is expected over the coming weeks to visit Paris, Brussels and India.

However, it was not lost on observers that upon Netanyahu’s return home, Israel announced that it would sign a memorandum of understanding on December 4 with the US to partner in the $1 billion Africa Power Initiative launched by President Barack Obama in 2013.

The energy project seeks to connect 60 million households in Africa to electricity by 2030.

“Israel is becoming a partner in one of the biggest aid programmes available today, and this initiative is a result of Prime Minister Netanyahu’s policy to leverage Israeli ingenuity to strengthen diplomatic ties,” said Eli Groner, director general of Israel’s Prime Minister’s Office. Israeli firms expect billions of dollars in deals from the partnership.

At the inauguration luncheon, where he was the chief guest, Mr Netanyahu said Israel was ready to use its advanced technology in various fields to ensure African countries achieve their development goals.

Israel is known for its advanced technology in water, agriculture (especially combating desertification) and power generation, but it is in security, cyber security and information technology that its dealing with East Africa are an open book.

Mr Netanyahu said challenges of international terrorism could only be tackled through co-operation between governments. “If we work together we will defeat the barbarians. Our people deserve better lives and we can provide that for them,” he said.

“I would like very much not only to co-operate on an individual basis with each of your countries and with Kenya but also with the African Union. I hope that we all find a way to have Israel become an observer in the African Union because we can help,” he said.

Kenya set alarm bells ringing in Israel when on the sidelines of the Africa-Arab Summit in 2013, President Kenyatta showed willingness to accept a Palestinian embassy in Nairobi. 

Israeli observer status at Africa’s apex organisation was revoked in 1973 when 25 states of the then Organisation of African Unity (OAU) severed diplomatic relations with Israel during the Yom Kippur war, when a coalition of Arab states led by Egypt and Syria waged war against Israel.

Israel is concerned that Palestine, its main rival, already has observer status at the AU and is allowed to address the Heads of State Summit.


International relations scholar Dancun Ojwang noted that Mr Netanyahu’s visit endorses the position of US and Western countries, who have shown a willingness to work with African leaders, even those whose legitimacy is in doubt.

“If you see Israel, you see America. After elections, we saw Western diplomats going easy on the Jubilee government. This could be so because of the strong ties between China and Africa,” said Dr Ojwang.

According to Dr Ojwang, competition to strike business and security deals with African leaders could have informed the visit by the Israeli premier, who did not hide his intentions to have his country accepted at the AU.

Reported by Erick Oduor, Peter Munaita and Fred Oluoch





The Kenyan Prominent politician, Mr Raila Odinga, has sent out invitation cards to the delegates, so that he can swear to the leadership of his African followers on December 12th 2017: 

The NASA invitation card for Mr Raila Odinga swearing in, which was posted on the party's Telegram Channel on Friday, December 1, 2017.


NASA leader Raila Odinga of the State of Kenya has dispatched invitation cards for his December swearing-in.

The invite, which was posted on the coalition's Telegram channel, says that the venue for the event will be communicated after the attendees are vetted.

In a brief address to supporters at Manyanja Road, Nairobi last Tuesday, Raila vowed that he will take oath of office on the day Kenya will be celebrating the 54th anniversary of its independence.

"I will be sworn-in as President through the People's Assembly and get into State House on December 12," he said before police dispersed his meeting using teargas.

"Uhuru Kenyatta is not the President of Kenya. We will not be sworn-in like [Ugandan Opposition leader Kizza] Besigye. We will be sworn-in like it was done with [Emmerson] Mnangagwa in Zimbabwe."


The details of the event for which invites were sent out or the swearing in plan remain scanty but sources within the opposition say the plan is not just mere political talk.

Lawyer Nelson Havi says Article 1 of the Constitution as read together with Sections 87 to 91 of County Governments Act permit establishment of People’s Assembly.

“Don’t listen to mediocre legal advice,” he told his followers in a tweet on November 26.

The formation of the people's assembly has gained momentum, especially with counties such as Kwale which voted for a Jubilee governor passing the motion.


The same has been approved in nine other counties namely Busia, Homa Bay, Kakamega, Kisumu, Makueni, Migori, Siaya, and Vihiga.

Mombasa is lined up to pass the motion on Wednesday December 6.

The coalition on Friday formed a seven-member committee to guide the opposition on the implementation of the People’s Assembly.

Economist David Ndii, former Senator Judy Sijeny, Hamida Kibwana, Dr Mutakha Kangu, Oduor Ong’wen, Koitamet ole Kina, and former EALA  MP Peter Mathuki are the members.

Former Kakamega senator Boni Khalwale, during the unveiling of the team, said the group's recommendations will lead them to a path of self-determination.

"Majority of Kenyans did not participate in the October 26 presidential election. It cannot be said that they individually and collectively delegated their sovereignty to Uhuru Kenyatta."

"There is no more accept and move on. We want our activities to be within the law," Khalwale said after reading the statement on behalf of the NASA co-principals.

There is no more accept and move on. We also want our activities to be within the law.

There is no more accept and move on. We also want our activities to be within the law.

The force behind Raila's latest push is yet to be established amid indications he might be getting backing from within and outside the country.

NASA critics have dismissed the plan as a mirage, a pipe dream, and an illusion created by Raila. The argument is that the Opposition leader's dream of becoming president were shattered by Uhuru Kenyatta's inauguration.

Uhuru was presented to Kenyans as the duly elected president by Chief Justice David Maraga in a ceremony at Kasarani Stadium on Tuesday.

About 12 African heads of states and other dignitaries attended the fete which was later graced by Israel MP Benjamin Netanyahu at the State House banquet.

NASA withdraw from the October 26 repeat election which ushered in Uhuru's second term following the Supreme Court's decision to uphold his win as declared by the electoral commission.

A number of global leaders have congratulated the Jubilee team on their win and the subsequent closure of the intensified political dwell which affected the country's economic prospects.

Both the UK and US have asked NASA and Jubilee leaders to initiate dialogue following the deep ethnic divisions that followed the August 8 and October vote.


Indeed what creates an African nation state? Is it done by conquest and release by colonial powers or by the memorandum of understanding of natives of those particular territories?





The United States of America politicians are skeptical over the growing military presence in Africa that is so secretive to the Good Christian American public:


America sniper Africa

An American snipper on the continent of Africa. US politicians are voicing concern over America's growing military presence across Africa, where they worry the Pentagon is getting ever more embroiled in a secretive campaign against a shifting enemy. AFP PHOTO 


US politicians are voicing concern over America's growing military presence across Africa, where they worry the Pentagon is getting ever more embroiled in a secretive campaign against a shifting enemy.
Last month's killing of four US soldiers in a Niger ambush has thrust the issue into the spotlight, with lawmakers calling for greater transparency on what is going on in Africa.

"The footprint in Africa is much bigger than the American public understands," Democratic Senator Tim Kaine said this week.
The Niger ambush has also rekindled debate over the legal authorities the Pentagon uses to fight jihadist groups overseas, particularly in Africa where about 6,000 US troops are deployed across the vast continent.

Defense Secretary Jim Mattis this week faced lawmakers' questions on these war fighting powers. They were initially passed three days after the September 11, 2001 attacks on New York and Washington to go after Al-Qaeda but have since been used to hunt Islamists from a variety of other groups.

US lawmakers are considering updating or repealing this Authorization for the Use of Military Force (AUMF), but Mattis and Secretary of State Rex Tillerson do not think it should be changed or repealed, unless a replacement is ready to go.
"I'm not sure that Congress envisioned that we would have the potential of ground troops in Northern Africa in combat missions," Democratic Senator Ben Cardin said.

Mattis said Al-Qaeda has morphed into various offshoots, including the Islamic State group, so the AUMF still applies.
"These groups come apart, go back together, they change their names as often as a rock-and-roll band," Mattis told lawmakers.

G5 force

"The tragedy in Niger, the loss of four American soldiers, helped focus us on the fact that we've got citizens and we've got senators who are unclear on exactly where in the world we are engaged against this morphing, changing enemy in a new era of skirmishes," Democratic Senator Chris Coons said.

The United States this week pledged $60 million to support the new "G5 Sahel" regional counter-terrorism force. 
Members of the G5, Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, are viewed by the US as regional partners.
Officially, the Pentagon's missions across Africa are primarily to "train, advise and assist" African militaries to help nations stand up to various Islamist groups.

But in reality, as demonstrated in Niger, the US role sometimes goes beyond this.
According to information from the White House to Congress in June, combat-ready US troops are deployed in 19 countries - 11 of them in Africa: Somalia, Libya, Kenya, Niger, Cameroon, Uganda, South Sudan, the Democratic Republic of Congo, the Central African Republic, Djibouti and Egypt.

For Republican Senator Rand Paul, the official training mission is euphemistic fudge concealing what's really going on.
"It sounds like you got a conflict going on there. You've got conflict going on in Niger. We have 6,000 troops in 54 countries in Africa," Paul told Mattis.

According to the Pentagon, the Niger incident unfolded in early October, as a US-Niger team made a routine reconnaissance patrol in the village of Tongo Tongo near the Niger-Mali border. They were attacked by about 50 local fighters associated with the Islamic State group.
It is reported that the mission changed and they were actually trying to capture or kill a jihadist leader linked to IS and Al-Qaeda.


The whole of this colonial American adventurism in Africa comes back to what the British were all about building a World Great Britain Empire. America helped creat the International Islamic Resistance Movement of Al-Qaeda.

One would wake up in daylight to listen to broadcastings calling jehadist fighters all the way from Yemen, Saudi Arabia and Pakistan to go to Afaghanistan and fight off the Nasty Communists that had taken over that country!

What American troops are doing in Africa is to cause more trouble for the Africans to stay poor, everyday to keep fighting endless civil wars, assisting democracy of Pre-determined leaders to continously rule Africa, to send away as many young Africans from their mother countries and make them modern media international refugees of the other worlds, and so on and so forth. This list is endless for any human of child age to see and understand.




It is not just Niger or Somalia- The North American country is in  militarly occupation in most countries on the African Continent:


And the United Nation does not want to know at all:


27 October, 2017


By Nick Turse


THE MISSION NEVER made the front page of the New York Times or the Washington Post. It wasn’t covered on CNN or Fox News. Neither the White House chief of staff, the chair of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, nor the president ever addressed it in a press briefing. But from mid-January to late March 2013, Green Berets from the 10th Special Forces Group deployed to the impoverished West African nation of Niger. Working alongside local forces, they trained in desert mobility, the use of heavy weapons, and methods of deliberate attack.

On May 15 of that year, another contingent of Special Forces soldiers arrived in Niger. For nearly two months, they also trained with local troops, focusing on similar combat skills with an emphasis on missions in remote areas. From the beginning of August until mid-September, yet another group of Green Berets traveled to the hot, arid country for training, concentrating on desert operations, heavy weapons employment, intelligence analysis, and other martial matters, according to Pentagon documents obtained by The Intercept via the Freedom of Information Act.

One constant of all of these counterterrorism missions, which were carried out by small teams of elite U.S. troops operating alongside Nigerien forces, was a concentration on reconnaissance. Until recently, such missions were conducted without notice or media scrutiny. Americans were involved in firefights, but the operations were kept quiet. When special operators died in Africa, it was due to an accident or after a night of partying. Americans were rarely killed in combat.

Four years later, on October 3, 12 Green Berets undertook a “reconnaissance mission” alongside 30 Nigerien soldiers near the village of Tongo Tongo, about 85 kilometers north of the capital city of Niamey, according to the chair of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Gen. Joseph Dunford. (Some reports indicate it had morphed into a “kill-or-capture” mission aimed at a high-value target with ties to both Al Qaeda and the Islamic State.)

Map: The Intercept

The next day, as the joint force was moving south “en route to their operating base, the patrol came under attack from approximately 50 enemy using small-arms fire, rocket-propelled grenades, and technical vehicles,” explained Dunford. Four Green Berets were killed and two wounded in the ambush, which also claimed the lives of five Nigerien soldiers.

In truth, U.S. forces are already deployed all across Africa by the thousands. Around 6,000 troops are on the continent, conducting 3,500 exercises, programs, and engagements each year – almost 10 missions each day — from Cameroon to Somalia, Djibouti to Libya. More than 800 of these forces, Pentagon spokesperson Maj. Audricia Harris told The Intercept, are deployed to Niger. This is up from approximately 100 troops sent in 2013 to carry out drone reconnaissance missions, making the hardscrabble country, wedged between seven nations, including Mali, Libya, Nigeria, and Chad, the largest concentration of U.S. military forces in West Africa.

“The rapid, largely unrecognized increase in U.S. troops in Niger is part of the large expansion of the U.S. military footprint in Africa,” says William Hartung, director of the Arms and Security Project at the Center for International Policy. “This expansion is long overdue for congressional scrutiny and public discussion.” U.S. efforts, primarily focused on training allies and proxies, are flawed, often ineffective, and can have destabilizing effects on countries that military operations are meant to strengthen, according to experts. Cast as benign training operations, they can lead to unforeseen consequences and dangerous blowback. “While the Pentagon likes to downplay the military aspects of these missions, in a number of instances, they have involved acts of war that risk getting the U.S. involved in broader conflicts, even as they have had little impact on the spread of terrorism,” Hartung notes.

While 800-plus troops are in Niger today, many more soldiers rotated through the country as U.S. forces have been, according to Dunford, carrying out intermittent missions for 20 years.

IN 2002, THE U.S. launched a counterterrorism program — known as the Pan Sahel Initiative, which later became the Trans-Sahara Counterterrorism Partnership — to assist the militaries of Chad, Mali, Mauritania, and Niger before expanding to include six additional nations nearby. Between 2009 and 2013 alone, the U.S. allocated $288 million in TSCTP funding, according to a 2014 report by the Government Accountability Office. Niger netted more than $30 million. Neighboring Mali held the top spot at $40.6 million.

These programs saw U.S. troops deployed again and again to carry out advisory and “train and equip missions,” as well as mentorship programs designed to increase local anti-terrorism capabilities, encourage local populations to cooperate with military forces, and build the military capacity of those soldiers to enable them to “Find, Fix, and Finish” militant groups, according to a 2014 State Department analysis of the TSCTP obtained by The Intercept, via the FOIA.

A U.S. Army Special Forces weapons sergeant observes a Niger Army soldier during marksmanship training as part of Exercise Flintlock 2017 in Diffa, Niger, on Feb. 28, 2017.



By 2011, U.S. Africa Command’s efforts in Niger and Mali included a host of training programs, such as the employment of Civil-Military Support Elements, Joint Planning and Assistance Teams, and Senior Leader Engagements, as well as Mobile Training Teams – a program in which U.S. troops provide instruction on using and maintaining weapons and other equipment.

The United States also employed a host of other episodic training programs, including the African Crisis Response Initiative, African Contingency Operations Training and Assistance, International Military Education and Training, Counterterrorism Fellowship Program, Global Peace Operations Initiative, and Joint Combined Exchange Training. Most of the military instruction was carried out by Green Berets. In a Naval Postgraduate School thesis, Maj. Simon Powelson, who was was involved in 10th Special Forces Group training operations, wrote, “These efforts did not result in a measurable increase in the overall effectiveness of the Malian army (or of individual units for that matter). Training that was episodically provided rarely diffused or even took hold.”

Similar efforts were undertaken in Niger, where, since 2006, the Defense Department has provided approximately $165 million in counterterrorism equipment and training, the second-highest total in all of Africa, according to the Congressional Research Service. But the results have been similar to those in Mali, says Michael Shurkin, a senior political scientist at the RAND Corporation, who has written extensively on bothcountries. “What U.S. troops were doing in Niger is pretty much what we’ve been doing in the region since 2003,” he said.  “Everything we’ve been doing certainly hasn’t amounted to much because everything has gotten worse. None of it is really effective.”


Rebecca Zimmerman, a national security and foreign policy researcher at the RAND Corporation, warns of grave consequences when poor, fragile states are inundated with counterterrorism training and equipment. Such efforts can, she says, create a culture of dependency, increase corruption, and create power imbalances between the armed forces and often weak civilian governments. “In countries where there is inadequate civilian control of the military, this is a particular risk,” she said.

In fact, TSCTP member-state Chad saw attempted coups in 2006 and 2013; members of Mauritania’s military overthrew the government in 2005 and again in 2008; a military junta overthrew Niger’s president in 2010; and a U.S.-trained military officer, Amadou Sanogo, toppled the democratically elected president of Mali in 2012. “The role of a U.S.-trained officer in overthrowing the government of Mali is yet another case of arms and training programs backfiring and creating a more chaotic environment in which terrorist organizations can grow,” Hartung told The Intercept.

Schooled in the U.S. through a variety of military training initiatives, Sanogo and his clique were upset at his government’s inadequate response to an insurgency in Mali’s north. As the U.S.-backed war in Libya was helping to topple Moammar Gadhafi, nomadic Tuareg fighters in the Libyan dictator’s service looted his regime’s weapons caches, returned to their native Mali, and began to carve out a homeland.

Soon, however, Islamist militants pushed out the Tuaregs, took over much of the north, instituted a harsh brand of Sharia law, and created a humanitarian crisis that displaced hundreds of thousands. But Sanogo’s junta proved no more militarily effective than the government he overthrew. “The coup made everything a lot worse. The coup didn’t yield a strongman. The coup yielded nothing, just vacancy,” said Shurkin. In 2013, with Islamist militants besting Sanogo’s military, a U.S.-backedFrench and multinational regional force intervened to prevent a takeover of the country. Since then, Mali has been mired in an intractable insurgency and militant groups have thrived in the vacuum.


In fact, the entire region, relatively free of transnational terror threats in 2001, is now beset by a host of militant groups. They include, according to the Defense Department’s Africa Center for Strategic Studies, the local branch of Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb, Al Mourabitoun, Ansar Dine, and the Macina Liberation Front, which now all operate under the mantle of Jama’at Nusrat al-Islam wal-Muslimin, as well as Boko Haram, the Movement for Unity and Jihad in West Africa, Ansaroul Islam, and the Islamic State in West Africa (or Wil?yat Gharb Ifr?q?yyah). And it was reportedly members of a newer group operating out of Mali’s restive regions, the Islamic State in the Greater Sahara, that crossed the border into Niger and carried out the attack that killed the four Green Berets.

“While the roots of terrorism are complex,” observed Hartung, “it is fair to say that the larger U.S. military presence has, at a minimum, served as a recruiting tool for the growing number of terrorist groups operating in West Africa.”

With the French military trapped in what appears to be an interminable counterinsurgency campaign in Mali, the U.S. has increasingly stepped up its presence in neighboring Niger, even in the wake of the recent ambush. “U.S. troops continue carrying out a variety of operations in Niger, including continued advise and assist missions,” says Defense Department spokesperson Lt. Col. Michelle Baldanza.



Some modern developing economies that are debt-trapped by Chinese loans are finding it hard to pay up:


By Brahma Chellaney


If there is one thing at which China’s leaders truly excel, it is the use of economic tools to advance their country’s geostrategic interests. Through its $1 trillion “one belt, one road” initiative, China is supporting infrastructure projects in strategically located developing countries, often by extending huge loans to their governments. As a result, countries are becoming ensnared in a debt trap that leaves them vulnerable to China’s influence.


The view from above of the ambitious motorway system in Kenya


Of course, extending loans for infrastructure projects is not inherently bad. But the projects that China is supporting are often intended not to support the local economy, but to facilitate Chinese access to natural resources, or to open the market for low-cost and shoddy Chinese goods. In many cases, China even sends its own construction workers, minimizing the number of local jobs that are created.

Several of the projects that have been completed are now bleeding money. For example, Sri Lanka’s Mattala Rajapaksa International Airport, which opened in 2013 near Hambantota, has been dubbed the world’s emptiest. Likewise, Hambantota’s Magampura Mahinda Rajapaksa Port remains largely idle, as does the multibillion-dollar Gwadar port in Pakistan. For China, however, these projects are operating exactly as needed: Chinese attack submarines have twice docked at Sri Lankan ports, and two Chinese warships were recently pressed into service for Gwadar port security.

In a sense, it is even better for China that the projects don’t do well. After all, the heavier the debt burden on smaller countries, the greater China’s own leverage becomes. Already, China has used its clout to push Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, and Thailand to block a united ASEAN stand against China’s aggressive pursuit of its territorial claims in the South China Sea.

Moreover, some countries, overwhelmed by their debts to China, are being forced to sell to it stakes in Chinese-financed projects or hand over their management to Chinese state-owned firms. In financially risky countries, China now demands majority ownership up front. For example, China clinched a deal with Nepal this month to build another largely Chinese-owned dam there, with its state-run China Three Gorges Corporation taking a 75% stake.

As if that were not enough, China is taking steps to ensure that countries will not be able to escape their debts. In exchange for rescheduling repayment, China is requiring countries to award it contracts for additional projects, thereby making their debt crises interminable. Last October, China canceled $90 million of Cambodia’s debt, only to secure major new contracts.

Some developing economies are regretting their decision to accept Chinese loans. Protests have erupted over widespread joblessness, purportedly caused by Chinese dumping of goods, which is killing off local manufacturing, and exacerbated by China’s import of workers for its own projects.

New governments in several countries, from Nigeria to Sri Lanka, have ordered investigations into alleged Chinese bribery of the previous leadership. Last month, China’s acting ambassador to Pakistan, Zhao Lijian, was involved in a Twitter spat with Pakistani journalists over accusations of project-related corruption and the use of Chinese convicts as laborers in Pakistan (not a new practice for China). Zhao described the accusations as “nonsense.”

In retrospect, China’s designs might seem obvious. But the decision by many developing countries to accept Chinese loans was, in many ways, understandable. Neglected by institutional investors, they had major unmet infrastructure needs. So when China showed up, promising benevolent investment and easy credit, they were all in. It became clear only later that China’s real objectives were commercial penetration and strategic leverage; by then, it was too late, and countries were trapped in a vicious cycle.

Sri Lanka is Exhibit A. Though small, the country is strategically located between China’s eastern ports and the Mediterranean. Chinese President Xi Jinping has called it vital to the completion of the maritime Silk Road.

China began investing heavily in Sri Lanka during the quasi-autocratic nine-year rule of President Mahinda Rajapaksa, and China shielded Rajapaksa at the United Nations from allegations of war crimes. China quickly became Sri Lanka’s leading investor and lender, and its second-largest trading partner, giving it substantial diplomatic leverage.

It was smooth sailing for China, until Rajapaksa was unexpectedly defeated in the early 2015 election by Maithripala Sirisena, who had campaigned on the promise to extricate Sri Lanka from the Chinese debt trap. True to his word, he suspended work on major Chinese projects.

But it was too late: Sri Lanka’s government was already on the brink of default. So, as a Chinese state mouthpiece crowed, Sri Lanka had no choice but “to turn around and embrace China again.” Sirisena, in need of more time to repay old loans, as well as fresh credit, acquiesced to a series of Chinese demands, restarting suspended initiatives, like the $1.4 billion Colombo Port City, and awarding China new projects.

Sirisena also recently agreed to sell an 80% stake in the Hambantota port to China for about $1.1 billion. According to China’s ambassador to Sri Lanka, Yi Xianliang, the sale of stakes in other projects is also under discussion, in order to help Sri Lanka “solve its finance problems.” Now, Rajapaksa is accusing Sirisena of granting China undue concessions.

By integrating its foreign, economic, and security policies, China is advancing its goal of fashioning a hegemonic sphere of trade, communication, transportation, and security links. If states are saddled with onerous levels of debt as a result, their financial woes only aid China’s neocolonial designs. Countries that are not yet ensnared in China’s debt trap should take note – and take whatever steps they can to avoid it.

Writer is a Professor of Strategic Studies at the New Delhi-based Center for Policy Research and Fellow at the Robert Bosch Academy in Berlin, is the author of nine books, including Asian Juggernaut, Water: Asia’s New Battleground, and Water, Peace, and War: Confronting the Global Water Crisis.



The African country of Namibia is demanding $30 billion dollars for colonial era German genocide during 1884-1915


Map of South West Africa



NAMIBIA, Windhoek, AFP

Namibia is to launch a 30-billion-dollar (28-billion-euro) lawsuit against Germany over genocide committed during colonial rule, when tens of thousands of people were killed, according to documents seen by AFP on Friday.

The Namibian government has previously avoided demanding financial compensation, but it changed its stance as two indigenous groups filed a class-action suit in New York against Germany.

Legal documents provided to AFP and The Namibian newspaper show that the government has engaged lawyers in London to pursue a case of violation of human rights and a “consequent apology and reparations process.”

Over 65,000 people are believed to have been killed when colonial Germany massacred Namibian tribes such as the Herero and Nama between 1904 and 1908.


Namibian Vice President Nickey Iyambo issued a statement on Friday saying it had sent a report to Germany last year on the genocide, an official apology and reparations.

“We trust the government of the federal republic of Germany is giving serious attention to the position,” Iyambo said, giving no details on the level of reparations sought.

Namibia could approach the International Court of Justice in The Hague to advance its case, the documents show.

While some German officials have acknowledged a genocide occurred, the government has refused to pay reparations, saying aid worth hundreds of millions of dollars over the last 25 years was “for the benefit of all Namibians”.

Germany seized the territory of modern-day Namibia in the late 19th century under Otto von Bismarck, as part of the so-called Scramble for Africa by European colonisers.

It was called German South West Africa during Germany’s 1884-1915 rule, and then passed under South Africa rule for 75 years, finally gaining independence in 1990.

The separate US class-action suit was filed by the Herero and Nama people in New York on Thursday, seeking compensation for “incalculable damages”.

They are also demanding to be included in negotiations between the two countries.

Tensions boiled over in 1904 when the Herero rose up, followed by the Nama, in an insurrection crushed by German imperial troops.

In the Battle of Waterberg in August 1904, around 80,000 Herero fled including women and children.

German troops went after them across what is now known as the Kalahari Desert. Only 15,000 Herero survived.

The Namibian government case alleges Germany was guilty of slave labour, mass murder, sexual abuse, human trafficking and theft of land.

The two governments have been in talks about a joint declaration on the massacres for two years.

Iyambo said Namibia wanted an “amicable closure to this sad history”.